Gerald A. Gantt

Learn More
Many solid cancers display cellular hierarchies with self-renewing, tumorigenic stemlike cells, or cancer-initiating cells (CICs) at the apex. Whereas CICs often exhibit relative resistance to conventional cancer therapies, they also receive critical maintenance cues from supportive stromal elements that also respond to cytotoxic therapies. To interrogate(More)
BACKGROUND Achieving a pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation improves prognosis in rectal cancer. Statin therapy has been shown to enhance the impact of treatment in several malignancies, but little is known regarding the impact on rectal cancer response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to(More)
AIM Patients with rectal cancer who achieve a complete pathological response after preoperative chemoradiation (CRT) have an improved oncological outcome. Identifying factors associated with a lack of response could help our understanding of the underlying biology of treatment resistance. This study aimed to develop a gene expression signature for(More)
Proteins in peripheral nervous system and central nervous system myelin and homogenates of sciatic nerve and brain from young and adult mice and rats were characterized with affinity-purified anti-P2 and anti-myelin basic protein sera after electrophoretic transfer from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels to nitrocellulose sheets. Using this method(More)
The distribution of calcium-activated neutral proteinase (CANP) activity was examined in the subcellular fractions of quaking and control mouse brain. The CANP activity was determined in purified myelin, cytosol and pellet (P2, consisting of nuclei, mitochondria and microsomes) fractions using [14C]azocasein as substrate. The enzyme activity in quaking(More)
Brain slices from actively myelinating (26-28 days) quaking and normal littermates were dual-labeled with radioactive mannose and fucose for 2 h. Following the incubation myelin was isolated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation and the incorporation of sugars into the major myelinassociated glycoprotein (MAG) determined. The incorporation of mannose(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of morbid obesity and the use of bariatric surgery as a weight loss tool have increased significantly over the past decade. Despite this increase, there has been limited large-scale database evaluation of the effects of demographics on postoperative occurrences. METHODS An analysis of the American College of Surgeons National(More)
The acylation of myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) and intermediate protein (IP) was investigated in an in vitro system of tissue slices prepared from actively myelinating rat brainstem. The incorporation of [(3)H]palmitate into the proteins in nine subcellular fractions including myelin and other cellular membranes which are actively involved in the(More)
The synthesis and acylation of proteolipid proteins where investigated in tissue slices prepared from 19-day-old quaking and normal littermate mouse brain. The mutant CNS had a normal rate of total protein synthesis but synthesis of the myelin-specific proteins, proteolipid protein (PLP) and intermediate protein (IP), was impaired to approximately 50% of(More)
Delaying initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy more than 8 weeks after surgical resection for colorectal cancer adversely affects overall patient survival. The effect of a laparoscopic surgical approach on initiation of chemotherapy has not been studied. The goal of this study was to determine if a laparoscopic approach to colon cancer resection affects the(More)