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In rats infused with asialoglycoprotein for 60 min, receptor-mediated endocytosis of the ligand occurred exclusively in hepatic parenchymal cells. We have used double-label immunoelectron microscopy on ultrathin cryosections of rat liver to identify the site at which the asialoglycoprotein receptor and its ligand dissociate following their common(More)
Using double-label quantitative immunoelectron microscopy on ultrathin cryosections of rat liver, we have compared the endocytotic pathways of the receptors for asialoglycoprotein (ASGP-R), mannose-6-phosphate ligands (MP-R), and polymeric IgA (IgA-R). All three were found within the Golgi complex, along the entire plasma membrane, in coated pits and(More)
Endocytosed proteins destined for degradation in lysosomes are targeted mainly to early endosomes following uptake. Late endosomes are the major site for entry of newly synthesized lysosomal hydrolases via the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor into the degradative pathway. No consensus exists as to the mechanism of transport from early to late(More)
The intracellular distributions of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR) and a 120-kD lysosomal membrane glycoprotein (lgp120) were studied in rat hepatoma cells. Using quantitative immunogold cytochemistry we found 10% of the cell's MPR located at the cell surface. In contrast, lgp120 was not detectable at the plasma membrane.(More)
The major pathway for cytosolic constituents to enter lysosomes is by autophagy. We used two cytosolic proteins, CuZn superoxide dismutase (SOD) and carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII), as autophagic markers in male rat hepatocytes. We took advantage of the differential presence of the two proteins in autophagic vacuoles because of the high resistance of SOD to(More)
Immunogold double-labeling and ultrathin cryosections were used to compare the subcellular distribution of albumin, mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR), galactosyltransferase, and the lysosomal enzymes cathepsin D, beta-hexosaminidase, and alpha-glucosidase in Hep G2 cells. MPR and lysosomal enzymes were found throughout the stack of Golgi cisternae and in a(More)
After receptor-mediated uptake, asialoglycoproteins are routed to lysosomes, while transferrin is returned to the medium as apotransferrin. This sorting process was analyzed using 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) cytochemistry, followed by Percoll density gradient cell fractionation. A conjugate of asialoorosomucoid (ASOR) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was(More)
An affinity-purified rabbit antibody against rat liver mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MP-R) was prepared. The antibody was directed against a 215 kd-polypeptide and it recognized both ligand-occupied and free receptor. Anti-MP-R was used for immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy of cryosections from rat liver. MP-R was demonstrated in all(More)
We used a conjugate of transferrin and horseradish peroxidase (Tf/HRP) to label the intracellular transferrin receptor route in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. The recycling kinetics of [125I]Tf/HRP were similar to those of unmodified [125I]Tf, implying identical routes for both ligands. 3,3'Diaminobenzidine (DAB)-cytochemistry was performed on(More)
We studied the intracellular transport of secretory and membrane proteins in the human hepatoma cell line HepG-2 infected with vesicular stomatitis virus. Cells were pulse-labeled in the presence of [35S]methionine and chased in the presence of the lysosomotropic agent primaquine. At a concentration of 0.3 mM primaquine effectively inhibited the secretion(More)