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In rats infused with asialoglycoprotein for 60 min, receptor-mediated endocytosis of the ligand occurred exclusively in hepatic parenchymal cells. We have used double-label immunoelectron microscopy on ultrathin cryosections of rat liver to identify the site at which the asialoglycoprotein receptor and its ligand dissociate following their common(More)
Using double-label quantitative immunoelectron microscopy on ultrathin cryosections of rat liver, we have compared the endocytotic pathways of the receptors for asialoglycoprotein (ASGP-R), mannose-6-phosphate ligands (MP-R), and polymeric IgA (IgA-R). All three were found within the Golgi complex, along the entire plasma membrane, in coated pits and(More)
All members of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family contain at least one copy of the NPXY sequence within their cytoplasmic tails. For the LDL receptor, it has been demonstrated that the NPXY motif serves as a signal for rapid endocytosis through coated pits. Thus, it is generally believed that the NPXY sequences function as endocytosis signals(More)
The intracellular distributions of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR) and a 120-kD lysosomal membrane glycoprotein (lgp120) were studied in rat hepatoma cells. Using quantitative immunogold cytochemistry we found 10% of the cell's MPR located at the cell surface. In contrast, lgp120 was not detectable at the plasma membrane.(More)
Considerable advances have been made in recent years in our understanding of the biochemistry of mucin-type glycoproteins. This class of compounds is characterized mainly by a high level of O-linked oligosaccharides. Initially, the glycoproteins were solely known as the major constituents of mucus. Recent studies have shown that mucins from the(More)
In many cells endosomal vacuoles show clathrin coats of which the function is unknown. Herein, we show that this coat is predominantly present on early endosomes and has a characteristic bilayered appearance in the electron microscope. By immunoelectron microscopy we show that the coat contains clathrin heavy as well as light chain, but lacks the adaptor(More)
beta-catenin mediates Wnt signaling by acting as the essential co-activator for TCF transcription factors. Wnt signaling increases the half-life and therefore the absolute level of beta-catenin in responding cells. The current model states that these changes in beta-catenin stability set the threshold for Wnt signaling. However, we find that pharmacological(More)
The ubiquitin conjugation system is involved in ligand-induced endocytosis of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) via a cytosolic 10-amino acid ubiquitin-dependent endocytosis motif. Herein, we demonstrate that the proteasome is also involved in growth hormone receptor down-regulation. Ligand-induced degradation was blocked in the presence of specific(More)
We have assigned the biosynthetic processing steps of cathepsin D to intracellular compartments which are involved in its transport to lysosomes in HepG2 cells. Cathepsin D was synthesized as a 51-kDa proenzyme. After formation of 51-55-kDa intermediates due to processing of N-linked oligosaccharides, procathepsin D was proteolytically processed to an(More)
Immunogold double-labeling and ultrathin cryosections were used to compare the subcellular distribution of albumin, mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR), galactosyltransferase, and the lysosomal enzymes cathepsin D, beta-hexosaminidase, and alpha-glucosidase in Hep G2 cells. MPR and lysosomal enzymes were found throughout the stack of Golgi cisternae and in a(More)