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We provide a protocol for a high-resolution flow cytometry-based method for quantitative and qualitative analysis of individual nano-sized vesicles released by cells, as developed and previously described by our group. The method involves (i) bright fluorescent labeling of cell-derived vesicles and (ii) flow cytometric analysis of these vesicles using an(More)
The Suidae and the Dicotylidae (or Tayassuidae) are related mammalian families, both belonging to the artiodactyl suborder Suiformes, which diverged more than 37 million years ago. Cross-species chromosome painting was performed between the domestic pig (Sus scrofa; 2n = 38), a representative of the Suidae, and two species of the Dicotylidae: the collared(More)
BACKGROUND Chromosome banding techniques and in situ hybridization reveal the majority of chromosomal aberrations. However, difficulties remain in cases of highly contracted chromosomes, poor quality of the metaphases or the presence of markers with the involvement of several chromosomes. Here, it is demonstrated that reverse painting can be applied(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are regarded essential components for maintenance of immune homeostasis. Especially CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells are considered to be important regulators of immune reactivity. In humans and rodents these natural Treg are characterized by their anergic nature, defined as a non-proliferative state, suppressive function and expression of(More)
Serial blood and marrow specimens from eight adult recipients of sex-mismatched transplants (BMT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML, n = 3), Ewing sarcoma (n = 1), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in second remission (n = 1), acute lymphatic leukemia (ALL, n = 1) and multiple myeloma (n = 2) were analyzed by the simultaneous immunophenotypic CD3, CD4, CD8,(More)
We report on three unrelated mentally disabled patients, each carrying a de novo balanced translocation that truncates the autism susceptibility candidate 2 (AUTS2) gene at 7q11.2. One of our patients shows relatively mild mental retardation; the other two display more profound disorders. One patient is also physically disabled, exhibiting urogenital and(More)
Despite a rapidly accumulating clinical experience with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as a treatment for severe refractory autoimmune disease, data on the mechanisms by which ASCT induces immune tolerance are still very scarce. In this study it is shown that ASCT restores immunologic self-tolerance in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) via 2(More)
Despite the recent completion of the human genome project, the mapping of disease-related chromosomal translocation breakpoints and genes has remained laborious. Here, we describe a novel and rapid procedure to map such translocation breakpoints using flow-sorted chromosomes in combination with array-based comparative genomic hybridization (arrayCGH). To(More)
Our group and others had previously developed a high throughput procedure to map translocation breakpoints using chromosome flow sorting in conjunction with microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (arrayCGH). Here we applied both conventional positional cloning and integrated arrayCGH procedures to the mapping of constitutional chromosome(More)
Flow cytometry was used to measure the fluorescence intensity of nuclei that were subjected to fluorescent in situ hybridization in suspension with chromosome specific DNA probes. Paraformaldehyde-fixed nuclei were protein digested with trypsin and hybridized simultaneously with a biotin- and DIG labeled chromosome specific centromere probe. A number of(More)