Georgy Bakalkin

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Changes in genomic DNA methylation are recognized as important events in normal and pathological cellular processes, contributing both to normal development and differentiation as well as cancer and other diseases. Here, we report a novel method to estimate genome-wide DNA methylation, referred to as LUminometric Methylation Assay (LUMA). The method is(More)
Alcohol consumption is a moderately heritable trait, but the genetic basis in humans is largely unknown, despite its clinical and societal importance. We report a genome-wide association study meta-analysis of ∼2.5 million directly genotyped or imputed SNPs with alcohol consumption (gram per day per kilogram body weight) among 12 population-based samples of(More)
Mu opioid receptors are critical for heroin dependence, and A118G SNP of the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) has been linked with heroin abuse. In our population of European Caucasians (n = 118), approximately 90% of 118G allelic carriers were heroin users. Postmortem brain analyses showed the OPRM1 genotype associated with transcription, translation, and(More)
Effects of the opioid receptor like-1 (ORL-1) receptor agonist Ro 64-6198 (0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.)) on operant ethanol self-administration and activation of self-administration by ethanol deprivation were studied in male Wistar rats. Acute administration of Ro 64-6198 caused a dose-dependent reduction of ethanol self-administration.(More)
The opioid peptides dynorphins may be involved in pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) by inducing neurodegeneration or cognitive impairment. To test this hypothesis, the dynorphin system was analyzed in postmortem samples from AD and control subjects, and subjects with Parkinson or cerebro-vascular diseases for comparison. Dynorphin A, dynorphin B and(More)
The p53 tumor-suppressor protein has previously been shown to bind double-stranded and single-stranded DNA. We report that the p53 protein can bind single-stranded DNA ends and catalyze DNA renaturation and DNA strand transfer. Both a bacterially expressed wild-type p53 protein and a glutathione S-transferase-wild-type p53 fusion protein catalyzed(More)
Transcription from multiple promoters along with alternative mRNA splicing constitutes the basis for cell-specific gene expression and mRNA and protein diversity. The prodynorphin gene (PDYN) gives rise to prodynorphin (PDYN), precursor to dynorphin opioid peptides that regulate diverse physiological functions and are implicated in various neuropsychiatric(More)
Dynorphins, endogenous opioid neuropeptides derived from the prodynorphin gene, are involved in a variety of normative physiologic functions including antinociception and neuroendocrine signaling, and may be protective to neurons and oligodendroglia via their opioid receptor-mediated effects. However, under experimental or pathophysiological conditions in(More)
Dynorphin A, a prodynorphin-derived peptide, is able to induce neurological dysfunction and neuronal death. To study dynorphin cytotoxicity in vitro, prodynorphin-derived peptides were added into the culture medium of nonneuronal and neuronal cells or delivered into these cells by lipofection or electroporation. Cells were unaffected by extracellular(More)
The diversity of peptide ligands for a particular receptor may provide a greater dynamic range of functional responses, while maintaining selectivity in receptor activation. Dynorphin A (Dyn A), and dynorphin B (Dyn B) are endogenous opioid peptides that activate the kappa-opioid receptor (KOR). Here, we characterized interactions of big dynorphin (Big(More)