Georgios V. Varsos

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OBJECTIVE Infusion tests are important tools to assess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)dynamics used in the preoperative selection of patients for shunt surgery, or to predict the scope of improvement from shunt revision. The aim of this study was to assess the repeatability of the key quantitative parameters describing CSF dynamics that are determined with(More)
OBJECT Cerebral blood flow is associated with cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), which is clinically monitored through arterial blood pressure (ABP) and invasive measurements of intracranial pressure (ICP). Based on critical closing pressure (CrCP), the authors introduce a novel method for a noninvasive estimator of CPP (eCPP). METHODS Data from 280(More)
BACKGROUND The vascular wall tension (WT) of small cerebral vessels can be quantitatively estimated through the concept of critical closing pressure (CrCP), which denotes the lower limit of arterial blood pressure (ABP), below which small cerebral arterial vessels collapse and blood flow ceases. WT can be expressed as the difference between CrCP and(More)
The impulse response (IR)-based autoregulation index (ARI) allows for continuous monitoring of cerebral autoregulation using spontaneous fluctuations of arterial blood pressure (ABP) and cerebral flow velocity (FV). We compared three methods of autoregulation assessment in 288 traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients managed in the Neurocritical Care Unit: (1)(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a technique for continuously monitoring intraspinal pressure at the injury site (intraspinal pressure) after traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN A pressure probe was placed subdurally at the injury site in 18 patients who had isolated severe traumatic spinal cord injury (American Spinal Injuries Association grades A-C). Intraspinal(More)
We recently showed that, after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), laminectomy does not improve intraspinal pressure (ISP), spinal cord perfusion pressure (SCPP), or the vascular pressure reactivity index (sPRx) at the injury site sufficiently because of dural compression. This is an open label, prospective trial comparing combined bony and dural(More)
Understanding the dynamic relationship between cerebral blood flow (CBF) and the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can facilitate management of cerebral pathologies. For this reason, various hydrodynamic models have been introduced in order to simulate the phenomena governing the interaction between CBF and CSF. The identification of hydrodynamic(More)
In patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) failure of cerebral autoregulation is associated with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Various methods of assessing autoregulation are available, but their predictive values remain unknown. We characterize the relationship between different indices of autoregulation. Patients with SAH within 5 days were(More)
Objective:To quantify cerebrovascular autoregulation as a function of gestational age (GA) and across the phases of the cardiac cycle.Study design:The present study is a hypothesis-generating re-analysis of previously published data. Premature infants (n=179) with a GA range of 23 to 33 weeks were monitored with umbilical artery catheters and transcranial(More)
Critical closing pressure (CCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which brain vessels collapse and cerebral blood flow (CBF) ceases. Using the concept of impedance to CBF, CCP can be expressed with brain-monitoring parameters: cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), ABP, blood flow velocity (FV), and heart rate. The novel multiparameter method (CCPm) was(More)