Georgios N. Dalekos

Learn More
UNLABELLED Diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may be challenging. However, early diagnosis is important because immunosuppression is life-saving. Diagnostic criteria of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) were complex and purely meant for scientific purposes. This study of the IAIHG aims to define simplified diagnostic criteria for(More)
BACKGROUND Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) giving a rim-like/membranous (RL/M) or a multiple nuclear dot (MND) pattern are highly specific for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Aim and SUBJECTS To assess the prevalence of PBC specific ANAs, their Ig isotype, and their clinical significance in 90 PBC patients from Greece and Spain. Twenty eight patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis delta virus (HDV) results in the most severe form of viral hepatitis. There is no currently approved treatment. We investigated the safety and efficacy of 48 weeks of treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a plus adefovir dipivoxil, peginterferon alfa-2a alone, and adefovir dipivoxil alone. (More)
BACKGROUND The risk of infection with transfusion-transmitted viruses has been reduced remarkably. However, a zero-risk blood supply remains a popular goal. Some authorities have introduced the screening for antibody to HBc (anti-HBc) as a surrogate test for the presence of several infectious agents. A 3-year prospective study was conducted in the Epirus(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Standard therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is corticosteroids with or without azathioprine. However, 20% of patients do not respond or are intolerant to conventional treatment. Therefore, we evaluated prospectively the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in inducing and/or maintaining remission in treatment-naïve AIH(More)
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic necroinflammatory disease of the liver characterized by hypergammaglobulinemia, characteristic autoantibodies, association with HLA DR3 or DR4 and a favorable response to immunosuppressive treatment. The etiology is unknown. The detection of non-organ and liver-related autoantibodies remains the hallmark for the(More)
Characterization of liver-specific autoantigens has given a fresh impetus to research in the pathogenesis of autoimmune liver diseases, viral-triggered and drug-induced autoimmunity affecting the liver. Intriguing is the fact that most of the liver-specific autoantigens are enzymes of key importance for cell's homeostasis. Detection of autoantibodies(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis D virus (HDV) has decreased in Europe, but recent reports indicate a rising trend. We report the epidemiological changes, clinical progress, and effect of treatment on the natural course of HDV infection in Greece during the last 13 years. METHODS Prospective data were extracted from the HepNet.Greece Cohort-Study. RESULTS(More)
The dysfunction of the immune system has been implicated in the cause of essential hypertension (EH). On the other hand, interleukin- 1beta (IL-1beta) has strongly been involved in the pathogenesis of atheromatosis, whereas our preliminary experiments in serum samples from hypertensive patients before any drug therapy have shown the presence of high(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) has been documented as the major target antigen of liver kidney microsomal autoantibodies type-1 (anti-LKM-1) in both autoimmune hepatitis type-2 (AIH-2) and hepatitis C (HCV). In HCV/anti-LKM-1-positive patients, the choice between alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN) or immunosuppression may be difficult. This study(More)