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Derangement of cellular immunity is central in the pathophysiology of adult autoimmune/idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Herein we investigated cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of adult chronic ITP patients and attempted to correlate cytokine polarization with the degree of thrombocytopenia. We used(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of splenectomy on cellular immunity. We studied the cellular phenotype and type 1 [interferon-gamma, interleukin-2 (IL-2)] and type 2 (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokine-producing peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in 22 healthy adults who had undergone post-traumatic splenectomy about 1 to 35 years(More)
The role of the phagocytic function of monocytes and neutrophils in sepsis has been poorly investigated. The present study evaluated the impact of the phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes on the outcome of patients with severe sepsis. Thirty-one patients and 30 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. The phagocytic activity of monocytes(More)
Immune dysfunction, which leads to the suppression of haemopoiesis by cytokines that are secreted by activated T lymphocytes, is considered to play a key role in the pathogenesis of acquired aplastic anaemia (AAA). We investigated the intracytoplasmic expression of type-1 [interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin (IL)-2] and type-2 (IL-4, IL-10) cytokines(More)
E. coli phagocytosis by medfly hemocytes, in contrast to mammalian macrophages, associates with E. coli-challenged hemocyte secretion by mitogen activating protein (MAP) kinases. In the present work, we examined whether this system links with the proteolytic activation of prophenoloxidase (proPO). ProPO and prophenoloxidase-activating proteinases (PAPs)(More)
We present here our overall experience after 27 months of performance of the Procleix Ultrio [HIV-1, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV)] transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) assay. The aim of this report is to assess the impact of nucleic acid testing (NAT) implementation in blood screening of south-western Greek blood donors. We(More)
BACKGROUND Infections by a variety of pathogens are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality during perinatal period. The susceptibility of neonates to bacterial infections has been attributed to immaturity of innate immunity. It is considered that one of the impaired mechanisms is the phagocytic function of neutrophils and monocytes. The purpose of(More)
Local humoral and cellular immune responses modulate the inflammatory processes involved in the development of atherosclerotic lesions, as well as in the evolution of brain infarcts in stroke patients. The role of systemic adaptive immunity on the progression of such disease manifestations is less clear. In the current study, we evaluated the percentages of(More)
OBJECTIVE Past ischemic stroke (IS) patients display suppressed adiponectin (ADPN) levels a few months after disease onset. It is still unclear whether hypoadiponectinemia is already present by the early stages of stroke or occurs as a delayed effect of the acute ischemic reaction. In the present study we investigated ADPN levels acutely after an IS. (More)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by thrombosis and/or recurrent fetal loss as well as the presence of autoantibodies against epitopes present on phospholipid-binding proteins. The role of cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of the syndrome remains unclear. We studied the cellular phenotype and the production of type(More)