Georgios L. Theodorou

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Immune dysfunction, which leads to the suppression of haemopoiesis by cytokines that are secreted by activated T lymphocytes, is considered to play a key role in the pathogenesis of acquired aplastic anaemia (AAA). We investigated the intracytoplasmic expression of type-1 [interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin (IL)-2] and type-2 (IL-4, IL-10) cytokines(More)
Derangement of cellular immunity is central in the pathophysiology of adult autoimmune/idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Herein we investigated cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of adult chronic ITP patients and attempted to correlate cytokine polarization with the degree of thrombocytopenia. We used(More)
The role of the phagocytic function of monocytes and neutrophils in sepsis has been poorly investigated. The present study evaluated the impact of the phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes on the outcome of patients with severe sepsis. Thirty-one patients and 30 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. The phagocytic activity of monocytes(More)
BACKGROUND Infections by a variety of pathogens are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality during perinatal period. The susceptibility of neonates to bacterial infections has been attributed to immaturity of innate immunity. It is considered that one of the impaired mechanisms is the phagocytic function of neutrophils and monocytes. The purpose of(More)
OBJECTIVE Past ischemic stroke (IS) patients display suppressed adiponectin (ADPN) levels a few months after disease onset. It is still unclear whether hypoadiponectinemia is already present by the early stages of stroke or occurs as a delayed effect of the acute ischemic reaction. In the present study we investigated ADPN levels acutely after an IS. (More)
BACKGROUND Circulating adiponectin (ADPN) has been inversely associated with the risk of coronary artery disease and ischemic stroke (IS), due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties. Recent experimental studies have suggested that ADPN may as well exert cerebroprotective properties in brain ischemia, therefore modifying disease(More)
In response to LPS/E. coli treatment, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is activated in medfly hemocytes. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying LPS/E. coli/latex beads endo- and phagocytosis, we studied the signalling pathways leading to p38 and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. JNK and p38-like proteins were initially identified(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of splenectomy on cellular immunity. We studied the cellular phenotype and type 1 [interferon-gamma, interleukin-2 (IL-2)] and type 2 (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokine-producing peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in 22 healthy adults who had undergone post-traumatic splenectomy about 1 to 35 years(More)
An insufficient cellular immune response seems to be critical for the immunopathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B virus infection. We have previously demonstrated no differences of T-lymphocyte subsets in blood between inactive hepatitis B s antigen (HBsAg) carriers and patients with HBeAg-negative chronic active hepatitis B. This study investigated the(More)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by thrombosis and/or recurrent fetal loss as well as the presence of autoantibodies against epitopes present on phospholipid-binding proteins. The role of cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of the syndrome remains unclear. We studied the cellular phenotype and the production of type(More)