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Among dental implant design alterations, surface modifications have been by far the most investigated topic. Regarding implant surface research, the lack of hierarchical approaches relating in vitro, in vivo, clinical trials, and ex vivo analyses has hindered biomaterials scientists with clear informed rationale guidelines for implant surface design. This(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to review the influence of surface morphology on the primary stability of dental implants. METHODS MEDLINE-PubMed databases were explored from 1991 up to and including April 2010 using different combinations of the following terms: "dental," "implant surface roughness," "immediate loading," "initial stability," "primary stability," and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this clinical study was to compare the results of non-surgical treatment of periodontal disease with an erbium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (Er:YAG) laser to root debridement with an ultrasonic scaler. METHODS Twenty-five patients furnished two quadrants containing four teeth with probing depths (PD) >4 mm; the quadrants were(More)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of platelets in concentrated plasma, which is extensively used to promote soft and hard tissue healing. The significance behind its use refers to the abundance of growth factors present in a well-prepared PRP concentrate. These growth factors enhance the rate and quality of wound healing by different(More)
The matricellular protein periostin is strongly expressed in collagen-rich connective tissues such as periodontal ligaments (PDLs), skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, tendons, skin, and bone. It is prominent in tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, and cardiac repair. It is localized in the periosteum and PDL, where it is seen in the cytoplasmic extensions of the PDL(More)
BACKGROUND Dental lasers have been recommended for uncovering submerged implants as well as decontaminating implant surfaces when treating peri-implantitis. The aim of this study was to show the possible alterations in titanium disc surfaces using an Nd:YAG or a diode laser. METHODS Three different titanium discs were used (sandblasted, titanium(More)
The immunohistochemical distribution of collagen types IV, V and VI has been demonstrated in healthy periodontal tissues of rats and marmosets following decalcification of the maxillae and mandibulae in 0.2 N HCl. An intense fluorescence with anti-collagen type IV antibodies was demonstrated in the basement membranes of the epithelium and of the blood(More)
The aim of this study was to review the cytokine profiles in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD). Databases were searched from 1965 till September 2015 using different combinations of the following key words: "Temporomandibular joint"; "Cytokine"; "disorder"; and "synovial fluid" and "inflammation". Titles and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of an Er:YAG laser to that of ultrasonic scaling for non-surgical periodontal treatment. METHODS Twenty patients with moderate to advanced periodontal disease were randomly treated in a split-mouth design with a single episode of subgingival debridement using either an Er:YAG laser(More)