Georgios A Spyroulias

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signalling molecule that belongs to the gasotransmitter family. Two major sources for endogenous enzymatic production of H₂S are cystathionine β synthase (CBS) and cystathionine γ lyase (CSE). In the present study, we examined the selectivity of commonly used pharmacological inhibitors of H₂S biosynthesis(More)
Human angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) is a central component of the renin-angiotensin system and a major target for cardiovascular therapies. The somatic form of the enzyme (sACE) comprises two homologous metallopeptidase domains (N and C), each bearing a zinc active site with similar but distinct substrate and inhibitor specificities. On the basis of(More)
E3 ubiquitin ligases play a key role in the recognition of target proteins and the degradation by 26S proteasomes. Arkadia is the first example of an E3 ubiquitin ligase that positively regulates TGF-beta family signaling. It has been shown to induce ubiquitin-dependent degradation of negative regulators of TGF-beta signaling through its C-terminal RING(More)
In order to investigate the ability of metal complexes to act as reactivators of organophosphorus compounds (OP)-inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE), we have synthesized and crystallographically characterized three novel mononuclear Zn(II) complexes formulated as [ZnCl2{(4-py)CHNOH}2] (1), [ZnBr2{(4-py)CHNOH}2] (2) and [Zn(O2CMe)2{(4-py)CHNOH}2]∙2MeCN(More)
Myelin basic protein peptide 83–99 (MBP83–99) is the most immunodominant epitope playing a significant role in the multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Many peptide analogues, linear or cyclic have been designed and synthesized based on this segment in order to inhibit the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis,(More)
Analogs of GnRH, including [DLeu6, desGly1o]-GnRH-NHEt (leuprolide, commercial product), have been widely used in oncology to induce reversible chemical castration. Several studies have provided evidence that, besides their pituitary effects, GnRH analogs may exert direct antiproliferative effects on tumor cells. To study the effect of modifications in(More)
Conformational analysis of angiotensin I (AI) and II (AII) peptides has been performed through 2D 1H-NMR spectroscopy in dimethylsulfoxide and 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol/H2O. The solution structural models of AI and AII have been determined in dimethylsulfoxide using NOE distance and 3JHNHalpha coupling constants. Finally, the AI family of models resulting from(More)
 In the frame of a broad study on the structural differences between the two redox forms of cytochromes to be related to the electron transfer process, the NMR solution structure of horse heart cytochrome c in the reduced form has been determined. The structural data obtained in the present work are compared to those already available in the literature on(More)
Copper is essential for proper functioning of cytochrome c oxidases, and therefore for cellular respiration in eukaryotes and many bacteria. Here we show that a new periplasmic protein (PCu(A)C) selectively inserts Cu(I) ions into subunit II of Thermus thermophilus ba(3) oxidase to generate a native Cu(A) site. The purported metallochaperone Sco1 is unable(More)
Amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) aggregation leads to the senile plaque formation, a process that is strongly influenced by oxidative stress and is considered as the molecular basis of various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Endogenous antioxidants or dietary derived compounds may down-regulate this process. In this study, the(More)