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Excitatory amino acids stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in primary cultures of astrocytes, as reflected by an increased formation of [3H]inositol monophosphate [( 3H]InsP) in the presence of 10 mM Li+. Quisqualate was the most potent activator of inositol phospholipid hydrolysis, followed by glutamate and ibotenate. Kainate exhibited low(More)
Several age-dependent modifications of inner mitochondrial membrane and synaptosomal plasma membrane proteins from different brain regions of 4-, 12-, 18- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats, were observed. Some proteins, identified by immunoblotting assay as various subunits of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes and calmodulin, were particularly(More)
Addition of quisqualate (a heterocyclic analogue of glutamate) reduced [methyl-3H]thymidine incorporation and cell proliferation in primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes. The inhibitory action of quisqualate was mimicked by glutamate and ibotenate, whereas kainate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate(More)
The age-dependent modifications of synaptosomal plasma membrane protein composition in three different rat brain regions (cerebral cortex, cerebellum and striatum) at various ages (4, 12 and 24 months) were studied. The proteins were separated by gel-electrophoresis and the quantity of the different polypeptides was determined densitometrically from the(More)
The effect of hypoxia on the protein composition of synaptic plasma membranes (SPM) isolated from cerebral cortex of rats at 4, 12, and 24 months of age was investigated. The proteins were separated by SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the percent content was evaluated by measuring the optical density of the stained gels. After hypoxic treatment(More)
The effect of hypoxia on the protein composition of mitochondria from cerebral cortex of rats at 4, 12, and 24 months of age was investigated. The proteins were separated by electrophoresis on SDS polyacrylamide gels and the percent content was evaluated by measuring the optical density of the stained gels. The results demonstrate that hypoxic treatment(More)
In the present study various extracellular factors, acting through different second messenger systems, were examined for their capacity to increase the level of c-fos mRNA in primary glial cell cultures. In particular EGF, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol, and the glutamate agonists, ibotenic and quisqualic(More)
The involvement of somatostatin in the organization of cognitive functions was studied. We assessed changes in learning and memory processes by studying the effects of cysteamine, a compound that decreases somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the brain, somatostatin and the potent somatostatin analogue, SMS 201-995, on active avoidance behaviour, assessed(More)