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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibit proliferation of allogeneic T cells and express low levels of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI), MHCII and vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). We investigated whether their immunosuppressive properties and low immunophenotype protect allogeneic rat MSCs against cytotoxic lysis in vitro and result in a(More)
RATIONALE Direct or indirect stimulation of dopamine receptors increases locomotor activity in mice. Determining the role played by D1 and D2 dopamine receptors in the mediation of this activity can be difficult due to the wide variety of experimental paradigms used to investigate these phenomena. OBJECTIVES This study set out to compare the role of(More)
The hyperlocomotion induced by the noncompetitive NMDA antagonist MK-801 (0.3 mg/kg SC) in mice was attenuated by the nonselective 5-HT2 antagonist ritanserin (0.12 and 0.25 mg/kg SC) and by the 5-HT2A selective antagonist MDL100907 (0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg SC). SB242084 (0.25-1.0 mg/kg), a selective 5-HT(2C) antagonist, had no effect on MK-801-induced(More)
Lung cancer is a major public health problem in the western world, and gene therapy strategies to tackle this disease systemically are often impaired by inefficient delivery of the vector to the tumour tissue. Some of the main factors inhibiting systemic delivery are found in the blood stream in the form of red and white blood cells (WBCs) and serum(More)
INTRODUCTION The immunological and homing properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide a potentially attractive treatment for arthritis. The objective of this study was to determine effects of genetic disparity on the immunosuppressive potential of MSCs in vitro and in vivo within collagen induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS The ability of DBA/1, FVB(More)
There is a critical clinical need to develop therapies for nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers. Topically applied mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) provide a novel treatment to augment diabetic wound healing. A central pathological factor in nonhealing diabetic ulcers is an impaired blood supply. It was hypothesized that topically applied allogeneic MSCs would(More)
While human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), either in the bone marrow or in tumour microenvironment could be targeted by radiotherapy, their response is poorly understood. The oxic effects on radiosensitivity, cell cycle progression are largely unknown, and the radiation effects on hMSCs differentiation capacities remained unexplored. Here we analysed hMSCs(More)
The noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists dizocilpine and phencyclidine cause behavioral changes in animals that can be blocked by antipsychotic agents, implicating NMDA receptors in the expression of schizophrenic symptoms. In the present study, we examined the effects of dizocilpine (0.1-3.0 mg/kg s.c.) on locomotor activity and on the(More)
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-seeded polyethylene-oxide-terephthalate/polybutylene-terephthalate (PEOT/PBT) scaffold for cartilage tissue repair in an osteochondral defect using a rabbit model. Material characterisation using scanning electron microscopy indicated that the scaffold had a(More)
The facile regeneration of undifferentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from thermoresponsive surfaces facilitates the collection of stem cells avoiding the use of animal derived cell detachment agents commonly used in cell culture. This communication proposes a procedure to fabricate coatings from commercially available pNIPAm which is both(More)