Georgina Galicia

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Haptoglobin (HP) is an acute phase protein synthesized by liver cells in response to IL-6. HP has been demonstrated to modulate the immune response and to have anti-inflammatory activities. To analyze HP's effect on autoimmune inflammation, we here studied the course of EAE induced by immunization of Hp knockout (Hp(-/-)) and syngeneic WT mice with myelin(More)
Tertiary lymphoid tissues (TLTs) have been observed in the meninges of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but the stromal cells and molecular signals that support TLTs remain unclear. Here, we show that T helper 17 (Th17) cells induced robust TLTs within the brain meninges that were associated with local demyelination during experimental autoimmune(More)
INTRODUCTION Inducible costimulatory molecule (ICOS) is important for the effector function of T cells, especially for Th2 and T cell dependent B cell responses. However, it has been shown that ICOS is required for the differentiation of Th17 cells. Since IL-17 has been identified as a major cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune(More)
Blocking of costimulatory signals for T cell activation leads to tolerance in several transplantation models, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. We analyzed the involvement of regulatory T cells (Treg) and deletion of alloreactive cells in the induction and maintenance of tolerance after costimulation blockade in a mouse model of(More)
Arsenic is a metalloid that commonly contaminates drinking water, and is a known human carcinogen. It has been shown that peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors treated in vitro with NaAsO(2) and stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) show a lower proliferation than nontreated cells. We reported previously a reduction in the(More)
BACKGROUND Haptoglobin (Hp) is a haemoglobin-binding protein with immunomodulatory properties. Its gene (16q22) harbours a common polymorphism with two different alleles: Hp1 and Hp2. Genotype Hp22 has been shown to be over-represented in different immune diseases. Results in Crohn's disease (CD) are contradictory. AIMS To determine whether Hp plays a(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies of B cell depletion in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) have revealed that B Lymphocytes are involved in the neuro-inflammatory process, yet it remains unclear how B cells can exert pro- and anti-inflammatory functions during MS. Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of MS whereby myelin-specific T cells(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) are a sub-population of dendritic cells (DC) that produce large amounts of type I interferon (IFN) in response to nucleic acids that bind and activate toll-like-receptor (TLR)9 and TLR7. Type I IFN can regulate the function of B, T, DC, and natural killer (NK) cells and can also alter the residence time of leukocytes(More)
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