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BACKGROUND Transesophageal natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) mediastinoscopy has been described as a feasible, less-invasive alternative to video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM). We aimed to investigate hemodynamic and respiratory effects during transesophageal NOTES mediastinoscopy compared with VAM. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to describe a standardized laparoscopic kidney transplant procedure in a pig model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten pigs underwent laparoscopic kidney autotransplant. A right-hand assisted nephrectomy was performed through a Pfannenstiel incision. After the graft was washed with Ringer lactate, it was transplanted into the right iliac(More)
BACKGROUND Safety is a concern in natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) mediastinoscopy. The objective of this study was to compare the safety of NOTES mediastinoscopy with video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM). METHODS Twenty-four pigs were randomly assigned to NOTES or VAM. Thirty-minute mediastinoscopies were performed with the(More)
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