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Pan caspase inhibitors are potentially powerful cell-protective agents that block apoptosis in response to a wide variety of insults that cause tissue degeneration. In many conditions, however, the blockade of apoptosis by caspase inhibitors does not permit long-term cell survival, but the reasons are not entirely clear. Here we show that the blockade of(More)
Collective migration of Drosophila border cells depends on a dynamic actin cytoskeleton that is highly polarized such that it concentrates around the outer rim of the migrating cluster of cells. How the actin cytoskeleton becomes polarized in these cells to enable collective movement remains unknown. Here we show that the Hippo signaling pathway links(More)
Stathmin, or Oncoprotein 18 (Op18), is the founding member of a phosphoprotein family that can regulate the microtubule cytoskeleton by sequestering tubulin and promoting microtubule catastrophe. Stathmin is subject to spatially and temporally controlled regulatory phosphorylation, which inhibits its interaction with tubulin. Drosophila Stathmin has similar(More)
The Spectrin cytoskeleton is known to be polarised in epithelial cells, yet its role remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the Spectrin cytoskeleton controls Hippo signalling. In the developing Drosophila wing and eye, loss of apical Spectrins (alpha/beta-heavy dimers) produces tissue overgrowth and mis-regulation of Hippo target genes, similar to(More)
Epithelial tissues are composed of polarized cells with distinct apical and basolateral membrane domains. In the Drosophila ovarian follicle cell epithelium, apical membranes are specified by Crumbs (Crb), Stardust (Sdt), and the aPKC-Par6-cdc42 complex. Basolateral membranes are specified by Lethal giant larvae (Lgl), Discs large (Dlg), and Scribble(More)
BACKGROUND How epithelial cells adopt their particular polarised forms is poorly understood. In a screen for genes regulating epithelial morphology in Drosophila, we identified sds22, a conserved gene previously characterised in yeast. RESULTS In the columnar epithelia of imaginal discs or follicle cells, mutation of sds22 causes contraction of cells(More)
Gastrulation movements in Xenopus laevis are becoming increasingly well characterised, however the molecular mechanisms involved are less clear. Active migration of the leading edge mesendoderm across the fibronectin-coated blastocoel roof is necessary for further development of tissues such as head mesoderm, heart, blood and liver. The zinc finger(More)
Many components of epithelial polarity protein complexes possess PDZ domains that are required for protein interaction and recruitment to the apical plasma membrane. Apical localization of the Crumbs (Crb) transmembrane protein requires a PDZ-mediated interaction with Pals1 (protein-associated with Lin7, Stardust, MPP5), a member of the p55 family of(More)
Atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) is a key apical-basal polarity determinant and Par complex component. It is recruited by Par3/Baz (Bazooka in Drosophila) into epithelial apical domains through high-affinity interaction. Paradoxically, aPKC also phosphorylates Par3/Baz, provoking its relocalization to adherens junctions (AJs). We show that Par3 conserved(More)