Georgia Zahariou

Learn More
Photosystem II preparations poised in the S(2)...Q(A) state produce no detectable intermediate during straightforward illumination at liquid helium temperatures. However, upon flash illumination in the range of 77-190 K, they produce a transient state which at -10 degrees C advances to S(3) or after rapid cooling to 10 K gives rise to a 116 G wide(More)
The O2-evolving complex of photosystem II, Mn 4Ca, cycles through five oxidation states, S0,..., S4, during its catalytic function, which involves the gradual abstraction of four electrons and four protons from two bound water molecules. The direct oxidant of the complex is the tyrosine neutral radical, YZ(*), which is transiently produced by the highly(More)
Over the last decade the importance of nitric oxide (NO) in plant signaling has emerged. Despite its recognized biological role, the sensitivity and effectiveness of the methods used for measuring NO concentration in plants are still under discussion. Among these, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is a well-accepted technique to detect NO. In the(More)
Tyr Z of photosystem II mediates electron transfer from the water splitting site, a Mn4Ca cluster, to the specialized chlorophyll assembly P680. Due to its proton-limited redox properties and the proximity to the Mn cluster, it is thought to play a critical role in the proton-coupled electron transfer reactions that constitute the four-step oxidation(More)
The oxygen evolving complex of Photosystem II undergoes four light-induced oxidation transitions, S(0)-S(1),...,S(3)-(S(4))S(0) during its catalytic cycle. The oxidizing equivalents are stored at a (Mn)(4)Ca cluster, the site of water oxidation. EPR spectroscopy has yielded valuable information on the S states. S(2) shows a notable heterogeneity with two(More)
The paper extends earlier studies on the S(2)Y(Z)* intermediate that is trapped by illumination in the temperature range 77 K to 190 K of untreated samples poised in the S(2)...Q(A) state. X-band EPR experiments on untreated and glycerol (50% v/v) treated samples at 10 K indicate that the intermediate consists of two components. A wide one with a splitting(More)
IspG is a [4Fe-4S] cluster-containing protein, and the [4Fe-4S](+) species is proposed to be the catalytically relevant species. However, attempts reported in the literature failed to detect the [4Fe-4S](+) species. In this study, using a potent reduction system, we have successfully detected the [4Fe-4S](+) species with X-band EPR spectroscopy. In(More)
Tetronic acids, 4-hydroxy-5H-furan-2-ones, constitute a class of heterocyclic compounds with potent biological and pharmacological activity. The beta, beta'-tricarbonyl moiety plays an integral role in biological systems and forms a variety of metal complexes. In this report, we present the complexation reactions of 3-ethoxycarbonyl tetronic acids with(More)
The intermediates trapped during the transitions between the consecutive S-states of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) contain the free radical TyrZ• interacting magnetically with the Mn-cluster (Mn4Ca). In this paper, we present a theoretical study of the EPR spectrum of the S3TyrZ• metalloradical intermediate state, which has been(More)
We report the trapping of two metalloradical intermediates corresponding to the transitions S2 to S3 and S3 to S0 of the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of Photosystem II (PSII), in preparations containing methanol, at temperatures near that of half inhibition of the respective S-state transitions. The first intermediate, with an EPR width of 160 G, is(More)