Learn More
Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) are defined as circumscribed malformations of cortical development. They result from an impairment of neuronal proliferation, migration and differentiation. In the diagnosis of focal epilepsy FCD prevalence ranges between 5% and 25%, depending on patient collective and imaging techniques. Several 'cryptogenic' epilepsies may(More)
The comparative sensitivity of EEG and magnetoencephalography (MEG) in the visual detection of focal epileptiform activity in simultaneous interictal sleep recordings were investigated. The authors examined 14 patients aged 3.5 to 17 years with localization-related epilepsy. Simultaneous 122-channel whole-head MEG and 33-channel EEG were recorded for 20 to(More)
To learn whether epileptic seizures in Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) may be promoted by insufficient γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release. (3) H-GABA was released from neocortical synaptosomes through transporter reversal following intrasynaptosomal Na(+) accumulation by veratridine that prevents inactivation of Na(+) channels. Tissues of three RE patients were(More)
We report on 70 patients (aged 5.2-11.6 years) newly diagnosed with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) who were assigned to oxcarbazepine (OXC) monotherapy. All of them underwent clinical and electroencephalographic examination at baseline and at 3- to 6-month intervals during the study. Psychometric assessment was performed at(More)
PURPOSE To define the relationship between the epileptogenic zone and the polymicrogyric area using intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) recordings in patients with structural epilepsy associated with regional infrasylvian polymicrogyria (PMG). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts, scalp, and intracranial video-EEG recordings,(More)
AIMS To investigate seizure and developmental outcomes following epilepsy surgery in very young children and determine their predictive factors. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data, surgical variables, and outcomes of 30 children under 3 years of age that underwent resection for refractory focal epilepsy in our institution in 2001-2011.(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to the abundance of seizure outcome reports in epilepsy surgery for glioneuronal tumors in childhood and adolescence, there is a dearth of information regarding cognitive outcomes. OBJECTIVE To investigate the seizure and cognitive outcome of children and adolescents that underwent resective surgery for glioneuronal tumor-associated(More)
PURPOSE Multiple source analysis of interictal EEG and MEG spikes was used to identify irritative zones in polymicrogyria (PMG). Spike onset times and source localization were compared between both modalities. PMG is characterized by a marked loss of deep cortical fissures. Hence, differences between EEG and MEG were expected since MEG signals are(More)
Neonatal seizures constitute the most common and distinctive sign of neurological dysfunction in the first weeks of life and reflect a wide variety of underlying central nervous system disorders. Acute symptomatic seizures occur more often during the neonatal period than at any period of life and are associated with adverse long-term neurodevelopmental(More)
PURPOSE Neonatal seizures are common, especially in prematurity. Phenobarbital (PB) currently represents the antiepileptic drug (AED) of choice, despite being related to increased neuronal apoptosis in animal models and cognitive impairment in human subjects. Levetiracetam (LEV) may have a more favorable profile since it does not cause neuronal apoptosis in(More)