Georgia Pennarossa

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The differentiated state of mature cells of adult organisms is achieved and maintained through the epigenetic regulation of gene expression, which consists of several mechanisms including DNA methylation. The advent of induced pluripotent stem cell technology enabled the conversion of adult cells into any other cell type passing through a stable(More)
Human parthenogenetic embryos have recently been proposed as an alternative, less controversial source of embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines; however many aspects related to the biology of parthenogenetic embryos and parthenogenetic derived cell lines still need to be elucidated. We present here results on human cell lines (HP1 and HP3) derived from(More)
The generation of porcine embryonic stem cells (pESC) would potentially have great impact in the biomedical field given the long-standing history of the pig as a prime animal model for pre-clinical biomedical applications. These cells would also be beneficial for the agricultural area, allowing efficient genetic engineering of this animal, to improve health(More)
Reduced oocyte competence causes the lower fertility reported in domestic sows during the warm months of the year. Somatic cells express heat shock proteins (HSPs) to protect themselves from damage caused by thermal stress. HSPs are classified as molecular chaperones and control the correct folding of newly synthesized or damaged proteins. The present work(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does directional freezing improve the structural and functional integrity of ovarian fragments compared with conventional slow freezing and to whole ovary cryopreservation? SUMMARY ANSWER Compared with slow freezing, the use of directional freezing significantly improves all structural and functional parameters of ovarian fragments assessed(More)
Large animal models provide useful data for pre-clinical research including regenerative medicine. However whereas the derivation of tissue specific stem cells has been successful. pluripotent stem cells so far have been difficult to obtain in these species. A possible alternative could be direct reprogramming but this has only been described in mouse and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare conventional slow equilibrium cooling and directional freezing for cryopreservation of whole ovaries. DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING Academic research environment. ANIMAL(S) Adult ewes. INTERVENTION(S) Eighty-one ovaries were randomly assigned to fresh control, conventional freezing (CF), and directional freezing (DF)(More)
Connection between mastitis and fertility is multifaceted; therefore, several aspects need more elucidation. In particular, the aim was to investigate if naturally occurring chronic mastitis has an effect on ovarian function. At the time of slaughter, a milk sample and both ovaries were collected from 68 cows. The presence and intensity of chronic mastitis(More)
Huge amounts of work have been dedicated to the establishment of embryonic stem cell lines from farm animal species since the successful isolation of embryonic stem cells from the mouse and from the human. However, no conclusive results have been obtained so far, and validated lines have yet to be established in domestic animals. Many limiting factors have(More)
The establishment of embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines in domestic species could have great impact in the agricultural as well as in the biomedical field. In particular, derivation of pig ESC would find important applications aimed at improving health and production traits of this species through genetic engineering. Similarly, the immunological,(More)