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Monoclonal antibodies were made against a truncated form of human laminin isolated from placenta. 12 antibodies were isolated and characterized. All antibodies stained basement membranes in placenta and immunoprecipitated laminin from media of cultured choriocarcinoma cells. Three antibodies, 3E5, 4C7, and 4E10, partially blocked the neurite-promoting(More)
We have previously reported a technique for determining the apparent molecular weight (Mr) of ciliary neuronotrophic factors (CNTFs) in crude extracts. This method involves SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the extract. Western blotting and culture of purified ciliary ganglion neurons on the paper containing the blotted lane. Neurons will survive(More)
The ability of axons to grow through tissue in vivo during development or regeneration may be regulated by the availability of specific neurite-promoting macromolecules located within the extracellular matrix. We have used tissue culture methods to examine the relative ability of various extracellular matrix components to elicit neurite outgrowth from(More)
The epithelial cell layer of human amnion membrane can be removed while the basement membrane and stromal surfaces remain morphologically intact. Such a preparation has been used as a substratum for the in vitro culture of dissociated neurons. Embryonic motor neurons from chick ciliary ganglion attached to both surfaces but grew extensive neurites only on(More)
The outgrowth of neurites from cultured neurons can be induced by the extracellular matrix glycoproteins, fibronectin and laminin, and by polyornithine-binding neurite-promoting factors (NPFs) derived from culture media conditioned by Schwann, or other cultured cells. We have examined the occurrence of fibronectin, laminin and NPFs during peripheral nerve(More)
Rat RN22 schwannoma cells in vitro release into their growth medium a macromolecular factor that, when bound to polyornithine-coated culture substrata, will stimulate neuritic regeneration from axotomized peripheral and central neurons. During the purification of this factor, the neurite-promoting activity co-purifies with laminin immunoreactivity as(More)
Diabrotica virgifera virgifera larvae are root-feeding insects and significant pests to maize in North America and Europe. Little is known regarding how plants respond to insect attack of roots, thus complicating the selection for plant defense targets. Diabrotica virgifera virgifera is the most successful species in its genus and is the only Diabrotica(More)
A novel and sensitive method has been developed to identify ciliary neuronotrophic factors (CNTFs) from tissue extracts after blotting to nitrocellulose paper. The CNTF proteins are required for the in vitro survival of embryonic chick ciliary ganglionic neurons. Tissue extracts containing such CNTFs are electrophoresed using sodium dodecyl(More)
Ciliary ganglion neurons extend neuritic processes when cultured for 24 h in medium containing ciliary neuronotrophic factor (CNTF) and on a polyornithine substratum precoated with either laminin or a Schwannoma-derived neurite promoting factor (PNPF). We have examined the roles of laminin, PNPF and CNTF for each of four parameters of neuritic growth,(More)
The two purified neuronotrophic factor proteins, nerve growth factor (NGF) and ciliary neuronotrophic factor (CNTF), differ in molecular properties and in their action on certain neuronal cell types. The survival in culture of dissociated chick embryonic day 8 dorsal root ganglionic neurons is supported by NGF and day 8 ciliary ganglionic neurons by CNTF,(More)