Georgia A. Corner

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5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the most common chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of colorectal cancer, yet objective response rates are low. Recently, camptothecin (CPT) has emerged as an effective alternative therapy. Decisive means to determine treatment, based on the likelihood of response to each of these agents, could greatly enhance the(More)
The short-chain fatty acid butyrate, produced by microbial fermentation of dietary fiber in the large intestine, is a physiological regulator of major pathways of colonic epithelial cell maturation: cell cycle arrest, lineage-specific differentiation, and apoptosis. Microarray analysis of 8,063 sequences demonstrated a complex cascade of reprogramming of(More)
Colonic epithelial cells undergo cell cycle arrest, lineage specific differentiation, and apoptosis, as they migrate along the crypt axis toward the lumenal surface. The Caco-2 colon carcinoma cell line models many of these phenotypic changes, in vitro. We used this model system and cDNA microarray analysis to characterize the genetic reprogramming that(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To define the genetic reprogramming that drives intestinal epithelial cell maturation along the crypt-villus axis, enterocytes were sequentially isolated from the villus tip to the crypts of mouse small intestine. METHODS Changes in gene expression were assessed using 27,405-element complementary DNA microarrays (14,685 unique genes) and(More)
The platinum compound oxaliplatin has been shown to be an effective chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of colorectal cancer. In this study, we investigate the molecular mechanisms of action of oxaliplatin to identify means of predicting response to this agent. Exposure of colon cancer cells to oxaliplatin resulted in G2/M arrest and apoptosis.(More)
Colorectal cancers (CRCs) are classified as having microsatellite instability (MSI) or chromosomal instability (CIN); herein termed microsatellite stable (MSS). MSI colon cancers frequently display a poorly differentiated histology for which the molecular basis is not well understood. Gene expression and immunohistochemical profiling of MSS and MSI CRC cell(More)
As human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells metastasize to distant sites, they are susceptible to detachment-induced cell death or anoikis - a form of apoptosis that occurs when anchorage-dependent CRC cells go into suspension. Our goal was to identify whether tumor necrosis factor receptor apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors mediate anoikis in human CRC(More)
Endogenous interferon gamma (IFNgamma) promotes the host response to primary tumors, and IFNgamma-insensitive tumors display increased tumorigenicity and can evade tumor surveillance mechanisms. Here we demonstrate that activating mutations of Ki-ras are sufficient to inhibit the expression of STAT1 and STAT2, transcription factors required for signaling by(More)
Sulindac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, inhibits intestinal tumorigenesis in humans and rodents. Sulindac induced complex alterations in gene expression, but only 0.1% of 8063 sequences assayed were altered similarly by the drug in rectal biopsies of patients treated for 1 month and during response of colonic cells in culture. Among these changes(More)
Several cell types are present in the intestinal epithelium that likely arise from a common precursor, the stem cell, and each mature cell type expresses a unique set of genes that characterizes its functional phenotype. Although the process of differentiation is intimately linked to the cessation of proliferation, the mechanisms that dictate intestinal(More)