Georgi N Gamkrelidze

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To investigate the mechanisms of persistent neural activity, we obtained in vivo intracellular recordings from neurons in an oculomotor neural integrator of the goldfish during spontaneous saccades and fixations. Persistent changes in firing rate following saccades were associated with step changes in interspike membrane potential that were correlated with(More)
1. The pteropod mollusk Clione limacina is a predator, feeding on the small pteropod mollusk Limacina helicina. Injection of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) into the hemocoel of the intact Clione evoked some essential elements of the hunting and feeding behavior, i.e., protracting the tentacles, opening the mouth, and triggering the rhythmic movements of the(More)
Disruption of oligodendrocyte lineage progression is implicated in the white-matter injury that occurs in cerebral palsy. We have previously published a model in rabbits consistent with cerebral palsy. Little is known of normal white-matter development in perinatal rabbits. Using a multidimensional approach, we defined the relationship of oligodendrocyte(More)
1. A contact of the pteropod mollusk Clione limacina with its prey (small pteropod mollusk Limacina helicina) evokes a complex pattern of hunting and feeding behavior: protraction of tentacles to seize the prey, activation of buccal apparatus to swallow the prey, activation of locomotor system (speeding up of wing beating), reversal of reaction to tactile(More)
The principal cells of the chick tangential nucleus are second-order sensory neurons that participate in the three-neuron vestibulo-ocular and vestibulocollic reflexes. In postnatal animals, second-order vestibular neurons fire repetitively on depolarization. Previous studies have shown that, although this is an important feature for normal reflex function,(More)
Potassium channels are involved in the control of neuronal excitability by fixing the membrane potential, shaping the action potential, and setting firing rates. Recently, attention has been focused on identifying the factors influencing excitability in second-order auditory and vestibular neurons. Located in the brainstem, second-order auditory and(More)
Inheritance of the epsilon4 allele for apolipoprotein E (apoE) increases the risk of Alzheimer disease and memory impairment, whereas epsilon2 decreases these risks compared with the most common epsilon3 allele, but the mechanism for these effects is unknown. Long-term potentiation (LTP) is an experimentally induced increase in synaptic efficacy that models(More)
Amyloid-beta1-42 (Abeta1-42) is crucial to Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis but the conformation of the toxic Abeta species remains uncertain. AD risk is increased by apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) and decreased by apoE2 compared with the apoE3 isoform, but whether inheritance of apoE4 represents a gain of negative or a loss of protective function is also(More)
Granule cells (GCs) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) undergo postnatal neurogenesis such that cells at different maturational stages can be studied within an anatomically restricted region and a narrow animal age epoch. Using whole cell patch clamp recordings in hippocampal slices, we have previously found that input resistance (IR) correlates(More)
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) is causally implicated in Alzheimer's disease and neuroplasticity failure has acquired validity as a possible mechanism of early AD pathogenesis. We have previously demonstrated that oligomeric Abeta(1-42) inhibits LTP in the dentate gyrus of rat hippocampal slices. We now show, using whole cell recordings in hippocampal granule cells,(More)