Georges Thyphronitis

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Expression of type-1 and type-2 cytokines at the mRNA level in labial salivary glands (LSG) of patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS), as reported by several groups, have generated conflicting results. In the present study we have directly examined the production of IL-4, IL-13 and IFN-gamma by lymphocytes infiltrating the LSG of 44 consecutive patients(More)
IgE is produced by B lymphocytes that have undergone a deletional rearrangement of their Ig H chain gene locus, a rearrangement that joins the switch region of the mu gene, S mu, with the corresponding region of the epsilon gene, S epsilon. To examine the resulting composite S mu-S epsilon junctions of human lymphoid cells, we have used a polymerase chain(More)
Polarization of the immune response towards Th1 or Th2 profiles is under the control of several, not yet well known, mechanisms. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether immune responses generated against major protein antigens, of parasitic (Schistosoma mansoni) and bacterial (Clostridium tetani) origin, present characteristic Th profiles.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that some mAbs prepared against mouse complement receptor type 1 (CR1) bind a 150,000 Mr protein in addition to the 190,000 Mr CR1 protein. We now identify the 150,000 Mr murine protein as complement receptor type 2 (CR2), since: (i) one of the monoclonal antibodies that bind this protein inhibits rosette formation between(More)
A common property of allergens is their potential to generate type 2 cytokine responses. To understand the mechanisms involved in this phenomenon, we have evaluated the polarizing potential of a major allergen, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus 1 (Der p 1), in an heterologous immunization system using the glutathione S-transferase of the parasite Schistosoma(More)
The cytokine interleukin 4 (IL-4) has been shown to induce lipopolysaccharide-activated murine B cells to differentiate into IgE-secreting cells and to stimulate IgE secretion by cultured human peripheral blood lymphoid cells. It is unclear, however, whether this effect of IL-4 on human peripheral blood lymphoid cells is a direct effect on the B cell(More)
Ligation of CD28 provides a costimulatory signal to T cells necessary for their activation resulting in increased interleukin (IL)-2 production in vitro, but its role in IL-4 and other cytokine production and functional differentiation of T helper (Th) cells remains uncertain. We studied the pattern of cytokine production by highly purified human adult and(More)
Although the secretion of Ig isotypes other than IgM is generally accompanied by a DNA rearrangement that deletes C mu (and the other IgCH genes located between VDJ and the expressed CH gene), a system has recently been described that generates a high frequency of IgE-secreting cells that have failed to delete IgCH genes or to rearrange their C epsilon(More)
A mAb, 7G6, that binds to mouse CR1 and CR2 and down-modulates their expression on splenic B cells in vivo, was used to determine whether a decrease in CR1 and CR2 expression affects antibody responses to different T-dependent and T-independent Ag. Injection of mice with the mAb 7G6 prior to immunization with FITC haptenated Salmonella typhimurium (SH5771),(More)