Georges Mourad

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In previous papers we demonstrated that cyclosporin A (CsA) was specifically oxidized in rabbit and human liver by cytochrome P-450IIIA. We therefore anticipated that any drug that is an inducer or an inhibitor of this cytochrome should lead to interaction with CsA when given in association with it. In order to confirm this hypothesis, primary cultures of(More)
This multicenter, 1:1-randomized, parallel-group, noninferiority study compared the efficacy and safety of twice-daily tacrolimus (Tacrolimus BID; Prograf) and once-daily tacrolimus prolonged release (Tacrolimus QD; Advagraf), combined with steroids and low-dose mycophenolate mofetil without antibody induction, in 667 de novo kidney transplant recipients. A(More)
BACKGROUND Sequential anti-thymocyte globulins (ATG)/cyclosporine immunosuppression has two main advantages: delayed introduction of the nephrotoxic drug cyclosporine and prevention of acute rejection. Basiliximab, a recently developed chimeric monoclonal antibody that selectively depletes the minor subpopulation of activated T lymphocytes, has been shown(More)
Atypical hemolytic and uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a severe disease strongly associated with genetic abnormalities in the complement alternative pathway. In renal posttransplantation, few data are available on recurrence risk and graft outcome according to genetic background in aHUS patients. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for recurrence(More)
BACKGROUND Many factors contribute to the regulation of blood pressure. The role of climate has received relatively little attention. METHODS During a four-year period, we determined the influence of climate on blood pressure in 53 patients with end-stage renal disease treated with hemodialysis. For each patient, blood pressure was measured before each of(More)
INTRODUCTION A previous trial in renal transplantation comparing sirolimus (rapamycin) to cyclosporine (CsA) in a triple-drug therapy regimen with azathioprine and corticosteroids found that the incidence of acute rejection was similar (approximately 40%) with a trend for better renal function with sirolimus. METHODS In 14 European centers, first(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is observed in approximately 50% of kidney transplant recipients one year after transplantation. It may result in hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia, bone demineralization, vascular calcification, lithiasis, and participate in chronic allograft nephropathy. We evaluated the use of the calcimimetic cinacalcet(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil has replaced azathioprine in immunosuppression regimens worldwide to prevent graft rejection. However, evidence that its antirejection activity is better than that of azathioprine has been provided only by registration trials with an old formulation of ciclosporin and steroid. We aimed to compare the antirejection activity(More)
BACKGROUND The histological picture of chronic rejection with endothelial lesions and vascular hyperplasia resembles the early arteriosclerotic lesions. As increasing evidence suggests a role for oxidative stress in arteriosclerosis, we examined whether chronic rejection in renal transplant recipients was associated with increased oxidative stress markers.(More)
BACKGROUND Induction therapy with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) reduces the incidence of acute rejection after transplantation. A study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of ATG induction on tacrolimus-based and cyclosporine A (CsA)-based therapies compared with immediate tacrolimus triple therapy in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS In a(More)