Georges Matalanis

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to test whether early and intensive use of continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) achieved a better than predicted outcome in patients with severe acute renal failure undergoing cardiac operations, and whether a simple and yet accurate model could be developed to predict their outcome before starting CVVH. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the efficacy of an integrated system of advanced supportive care based on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in older patients with an estimated mortality of more than 90% to establish whether its use is justifiable. METHODS Treatment was provided by cardiac surgeons and critical care physicians and included the(More)
PURPOSE It is controversial whether all critically ill patients with risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal failure (RIFLE) F class acute kidney injury (AKI) should receive renal replacement therapy (RRT). We reviewed the outcome of open heart surgery patients with severe RIFLE-F AKI who did not receive RRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS We identified(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of aortic stenosis (AS) in elderly patients remains poorly defined. In an elderly cohort over long-term follow-up, we assessed: 1) rates and predictors of hemodynamic progression and 2) composite aortic valve replacement (AVR) or death endpoint. METHODS Consecutive Department of Veterans' Affairs patients with AS (>60 years)(More)
AIMS To assess the capacity of global longitudinal strain (GLS) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) to (i) detect the subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction [LV ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥50% patients]; (ii) predict all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (all patients), and (iii) provide incremental prognostic information over(More)
BACKGROUND Strokes that occur during coronary artery bypass grafting are often caused by embolism. Intraoperative transcranial Doppler monitoring can detect cerebral microemboli. The aims of this study were to identify the pattern of microembolic phenomena during various stages of coronary artery bypass grafting, to verify whether numbers of high-intensity(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the optimal method for detecting ascending aortic atheroma intraoperatively by comparing manual palpation by the operating surgeon, intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography, and epiaortic ultrasound (linear and phased-array imaging); and to assess risk factors for severe aortic atheroma. DESIGN A longitudinal prospective(More)
AIM Early and late results were studied in order to improve the indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to enhance RESULTS METHODS A total of 1 973 patients aged 70 years and older who had undergone isolated CABG were studied. Elective operations (EL) were performed in 1 716 patients and 257 patients underwent urgent or emergency(More)
A technique is described for cerebral and other vital organ preservation during aortic arch repair using retrograde venous perfusion at 20 degrees C. This technique retains the excellent operating conditions of deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest. Potential benefits include shortening of the cooling and rewarming time, reduction of coagulopathy,(More)
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