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Because of polyploidy and large genome size, deletion stocks of bread wheat are an ideal material for physically allocating ESTs and genes to small chromosomal regions for targeted mapping. To enhance the utility of deletion stocks for chromosome bin mapping, we characterized a set of 84 deletion lines covering the 21 chromosomes of wheat using 725(More)
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the most important crops worldwide. However, because of its large, hexaploid, highly repetitive genome it is a challenge to develop efficient means for molecular analysis and genetic improvement in wheat. To better understand the composition and molecular evolution of the hexaploid wheat homoeologous genomes and to(More)
Most elite wheat varieties cannot be crossed with related species thereby restricting greatly the germplasm that can be used for alien introgression in breeding programs. Inhibition to crossability is controlled genetically and a number of QTL have been identified to date, including the major gene Kr1 on 5BL and SKr, a strong QTL affecting crossability(More)
Chromosomal distribution of the Fat element that was isolated from bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) end sequences of wheat chromosome 3B was studied in 45 species representing eight genera of Poaceae (Aegilops, Triticum, Agropyron, Elymus, Secale, Hordeum, Avena and Triticale) using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). The Fat sequence was not(More)
Four hundred and sixty polyploid wheat accessions and 39 triticale forms from 37 countries of Europe, Asia, and USA were scored by C-banding for the presence of translocations. Chromosomal rearrangements were detected in 70 of 208 accessions of tetraploid wheat, 69 of 252 accessions of hexaploid wheat, and 3 of 39 triticale forms. Altogether, 58 types of(More)
A multidisciplinary approach (freeze-fracture, nuclear magnetic resonance, differential scanning calorimetry, isoelectric focusing and fluorochromatic reaction test) has been used to follow the behaviour of Zea mays pollen during dehydration - and to estimate its quality. At anthesis, the water content of maize pollen is 57-58% and the vegetative plasma(More)
The recent advent of molecular markers has created a great potential for the understanding of quantitative inheritance. In parallel to rapid developments and improvements in molecular marker technologies, biometrical models have been constructed, refined and generalized for the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL). However, current models present(More)
The ALARIC project (Incremental Urban Change Research Project) is dedicated to the production of geo-historical information concerning two formerly industrial cities of the Lyon-Saint-Etienne region (19<sup>th</sup> and 20<sup>th</sup> century). The exploration of the incremental nature of urban change implies identifying when certain historical processes(More)
Eureka and Renan are two French bread wheat cultivars derived from a 4-way cross. Using molecular markers (essentially RFLPs), we studied the structure of the group-1 chromosomes of these two genotypes, their parents and a doubled-haploid (DH) population derived from their F(1). Using the DH population (102 lines), a molecular map of the three homoeologous(More)
Isoelectric focusing of proteins from single pollen grains of Cucurbita pepo L. has been developed for large scale study of pollen grain populations' heterogeneity. Forty to forty-five protein bands from one pollen grain are revealed after silver staining. Applications of this technique to pollen grain populations from different genotypes are described in(More)