Learn More
We describe the isolation and characterization of Pax-3, a novel murine paired box gene expressed exclusively during embryogenesis. Pax-3 encodes a 479 amino acid protein with an Mr of 56 kd containing both a paired domain and a paired-type homeodomain. The Pax-3 protein is a DNA binding protein that specifically recognizes the e5 sequence present upstream(More)
The temporally and spatially restricted expression of the mouse Engrailed (En) genes is essential for development of the midbrain and cerebellum. The regulation of En-2 expression was studied using in vitro protein-DNA binding assays and in vivo expression analysis in transgenic mice to gain insight into the genetic events that lead to regionalization of(More)
The location, orientation, and structure of the hormone regulatory elements (HRE) in nine hormonally modulated genes is described. Based on analysis of the contact points between the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the DNA double helix within the HREs, a model for the interaction is proposed in which a dimer of the receptor in head-to-head orientation(More)
Gene regulation by steroid hormones is mediated through an interaction of the hormone receptors with DNA regulatory sequences called hormone regulatory or responsive elements (HRE). An analysis of the HRE's in the DNA of mouse mammary tumour provirus, human metallothionein IIA gene, chicken lysozyme gene, chicken and Xenopus vitellogenin genes, growth(More)
The murine paired box gene Pax-1 has been associated with the mouse developmental mutant undulated (un), which exhibits malformations in the vertebral column. In un mice, a point mutation leading to a Gly-Ser exchange in a conserved part of the paired domain of Pax-1 is present. Here we show that Pax-1 encodes a DNA-binding protein with transcriptional(More)
Cell adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is crucial for the structural integrity of tissues and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions mediating organ morphogenesis. Here we describe how the loss of a cytoplasmic multi-PDZ scaffolding protein, glutamate receptor interacting protein 1 (GRIP1), leads to the formation of subepidermal hemorrhagic(More)
The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter, that responds to glucocorticoids and progestins, contains a complex hormone response element (HRE) in the long terminal repeat (LTR) region covered by a phased nucleosome. Hormone treatment leads to alterations in chromatin structure that make the HRE region more accessible to digestion by DNase I and permit(More)
Frem1 belongs to a family of structurally related extracellular matrix proteins of which Fras1 is the founding member. Mutations in Fras1 and Frem1 have been identified in mouse models for Fraser syndrome, which display a strikingly similar embryonic skin blistering phenotype due to impaired dermal-epidermal adhesion. Here we show that Frem1 originates from(More)
In recent years, the discovery of Pax genes in mouse has played an invaluable role in furthering our understanding in mouse developmental processes and disorders. To date, eight murine paired box-containing genes have been cloned. Seven of these exhibit a distinct spatiotemporal expression pattern in the developing nervous system implying a role in the(More)
Pax-3 is a member of the Pax family of transcription factors involved in transcriptional control events during embryonic development. Here we report a functional dissection of the Pax-3 protein and describe the protein domains which are responsible for different activities. A transcription inhibition activity is located in the first 90 N-terminal amino(More)