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According to the state of mitochondrial respiration, the respiratory chain generates superoxide anions converted into hydrogen peroxide. Two uncoupling proteins (UCP) able to modulate the coupling between the respiratory chain and ATP synthesis are now identified and could be involved in mitochondrial H2O2 generation. UCP1 is specific to brown adipose(More)
Diets containing tannic acid at the level of 3% of dry matter were fed to rats in order to ascertain the origin of fecal nitrogen and the effect of tannic acid on the intestinal mucosa. At the same time in order to explain the effect of oxidation of tannins, we administered diets containing oxidized tannic acid or tannic acid associated with an antioxidizer(More)
Mast cells in the testis of control adult rats were found almost exclusively around subcapsular blood vessels. Discrete mast cells were distributed throughout the stroma of the epididymis and sex accessory glands. In neonatally estrogen-treated rats, a greater number of mast cells was present in the testicular interstitium, whereas no significant increase(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The aim of the present study was to characterize during acute and chronic liver injury induced by CCl4, macrophage phenotypes and whether a change in reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and eicosanoids production by Kupffer cells (KC) was observed. MATERIAL AND METHODS Liver steato-necrosis and cirrhosis were induced in rats after 3(More)
In isolated rat hepatocytes, cadmium (0-200 microM) decreased the overall glucuronidation of both isopropyl N-(3-chloro-4 hydroxyphenyl)carbamate (4-hydroxychlorpropham, 4-OHCIPC) and 4-nitrophenol in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, in native rat liver microsomes, glucuronidation of 4-OHCIPC was increased by cadmium through activation of(More)
The changes in metabolism and cytotoxicity of chlorpropham (CIPC) and its major metabolites, 4-hydroxychlorpropham (4-OH CIPC), 3-chloroaniline, and 3-chloroacetanilide were investigated in isolated rat hepatocyte suspensions after a partial inhibition of sulphation and glucuronidation and the two reactions combined in an attempt to assess the part of each(More)
The mechanisms underlying thermogenesis in liver are not well understood. They may involve proteins related to the mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP1) of brown adipocytes. In this paper, it is demonstrated that UCP1 is not expressed in any liver cell type of rat while UCP2, a recently cloned homologue of UCP1, is expressed at a very high level in(More)
We investigated the immunohistochemical distribution of active NF-kappaB p65 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subtypes alpha and gamma in the different phases of liver steatonecrosis and cirrhosis induced in rats after 3 and 9 weeks of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication. CCl4 treatment can induce changes in the expression of(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the mechanism of 5-lipoxygenase metabolites (LT) secretion by peritoneal macrophages in rats wih CC14 induced cirrhosis. After stimulation with calcium ionophore A23187 or opsonized zymosan, [3H] arachidonic acid labeled macrophages from cirrhotic rats presented a significantly greater secretion of LT than(More)