Georges Androutsos

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This paper presents the evolution of ideas on headache symptoms from antiquity through the 19th century. A thorough study of texts, medical books and reports along with a review of the available literature in PubMed was undertaken: observations on headaches date back nearly 4,000 years to the ritual texts of Mesopotamia. Nicolaes Tulp, Thomas Willis and(More)
The authors describe a 7-year-old boy with TEL/AML1-positive pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia, with hemizygous 9p21 deletion at presentation and no p16(INK4A) protein expression. Despite an initial response to a standard chemotherapy regimen, the patient suffered two hematologic relapses and died 34 months after diagnosis. The authors discuss the(More)
The most renowned of all medically inclined saints must have been St. Cosmas and St. Damian. They became the special patrons of surgery, due to their miraculous operations. On one occasion, they amputated a cancerous leg and replaced it with another, taken from a Moor who had just died. This dramatic cure was meat and drink for artists, and has been(More)
The multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter-proteins P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP) and lung resistance protein (LRP) have been associated with treatment failure. The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the clinical significance of expression and function of the MDR proteins, considering other prognostic factors, such(More)
In the following article we briefly present the life and scientific work of John Hunter, founder of the experimental surgery, who by means of his researches and writings in the field of Oncology, contributed enormously to the development of this discipline. In reference to this matter, we quote some examples indicative of his work on Oncology.
The natural electrical phenomena fascinated humans since antiquity. The electrical discharges produced by the torpedo fish were highly appreciated among ancient physicians as Hippocrates, Scribonius Largus and Galen and were prescribed for headache, gout and prolapsed anus. In the medieval period, torpedo's electrical properties were attributed to occult(More)
A black bag, needed especially for home visits, has been used since the time of Hippocrates who, in his treatise "On good manners", gave the first detailed description of a medical bag with guidelines for the required equipment and structure. Ancient Egyptian and Palestinian references also date back at least two millenniums.