George Zervoudakis

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Sclerotium-forming filamentous fungi are of great agricultural and biological interest because they can be viewed as models of simple metamorphosis. They differentiate by asexually producing sclerotia but the processes involved in sclerotial metamorphosis were poorly understood. In 1997, it was shown for the first time that the sclerotial differentiation(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) cold inactivation was studied in leaf extracts from Atriplex halimus L. Both enzyme activities gradually reduced as the temperature and the total soluble protein decreased. Mg2+ at a concentration of 10 mM stabilized PEPC and PPDK activities against cold inactivation. At low(More)
Gut regulatory peptides bombesin (BBS) and neurotensin (NT) exert a wide spectrum of biological actions on gastrointestinal tissues and we have previously shown that they improve intestinal barrier function and oxidative stress in experimentally jaundiced rats. In the present study, we explored their potential action on liver histology and oxidative status(More)
Certain phytopathogenic fungi differentiate by forming sclerotia by an unclear biochemical mechanism. We have proposed that sclerotial differentiation might be regulated by fungal antioxidant defense. Part of this defense might be ascorbic acid, which in its reduced form is a well-known antioxidant. This natural antioxidant was studied in Sclerotium rolfsii(More)
Sclerotinia minor accumulates beta-carotene at levels dependent upon oxidative growth conditions and differentiation. Beta-carotene accumulation is 2.5-fold higher in differentiated mycelia at high than at low oxidative stress, and approx. 3-fold higher in differentiated than in undifferentiated mycelia. It is proposed that beta-carotene may be produced by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of bombesin (BBS) and neurotensin (NT) on intestinal histopathology, intestinal oxidative stress, and endotoxemia in experimental obstructive jaundice. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Obstructive jaundice compromises gut barrier function, resulting in endotoxemia. BBS and NT, exerting various biologic actions on gastrointestinal(More)
In this study we evaluated oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation) and thiol redox state [TRS: glutathione (GSH), glutathione disulfide (GSSG), cysteine (CSH), protein (P) thiols (PSH) and protein and non-protein (NP) mixed/symmetric disulfides (PSSR, NPSSR, NPSSC, PSSP)] in hippocampus after pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) administration at(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of clonidine pre-treatment on hemorrhagic shock (H/S)-induced endotoxemia and oxidative stress (OS) in three vital organs of the rat. METHODS The study protocol consisted of two arms: one for the measurement of organic hydroperoxide (LOOH) and superoxide radical (O(2)(-·)) production in the gut, liver, and lungs (n = 32(More)
In this study we measured thiol redox state (TRS) and the oxidative stress indicator lipid peroxidation in midbrain and striatum of adult (4 months old) male control (+/+) and weaver (wv/wv) mice in order to relate them with oxidative stress in conditions of progressive and severe (approximately 70%) nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration.(More)
A new extraction procedure and an LDH-coupled assay method are presented for the study of pyruvate kinase (PK) in leaf crude extracts from Cynodon dactylon(L.) Pers and other C4plants. Extraction at pH 6.8 and assay at pH 6.2 facilitated the measuring of PK activity by eliminating phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase interference more effectively than the(More)