George Wenfu He

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Perioperative spasm of the internal mammary artery (IMA) may occur after coronary artery bypass surgery. To establish the most appropriate dilator agent, we tested the reactivity of ring segments of human IMA in organ baths to various constrictor and dilator agents. We found that the thromboxane mimetic U46619 was the most potent IMA constrictor agent,(More)
The internal mammary artery (IMA) and saphenous vein (SV) are used routinely in coronary artery (CA) bypass graft surgery. The IMA may develop spasm during surgery, and the SV often develops spasm during removal from the leg. We sought to determine the relative reactivity of the canine CA, IMA, and SV to potential vasoconstrictor substances and especially(More)
Spasm of arterial and venous graft conduits can occur both during harvesting and after the graft is connected. Attempts to overcome spasm during harvesting by probing or hydraulic distension can cause structural damage to the graft, which may impair short- and long-term patency. After a coronary artery bypass graft is connected, spasm can cause major(More)
The development of miniaturized cell culture platforms for performing parallel cultures and combinatorial assays is important in cell biology from the single-cell level to the system level. In this paper we developed an integrated microfluidic cell-culture platform, Cell-microChip (Cell-microChip), for parallel analyses of the effects of microenvironmental(More)
The function of beta-adrenoceptors in the human internal mammary artery was studied in vitro to predict the way in which the internal mammary artery graft would respond to beta-adrenergic agonists and antagonists given in the perioperative period. Ring segments of the distal internal mammary artery obtained from patients not receiving beta-blocker therapy(More)
Spasm of the internal mammary artery during coronary bypass grafting is a widely recognized problem during and after mobilization of the IMA. On the basis of previous laboratory studies, we have developed a buffered vasodilator solution containing glyceryl trinitrate and verapamil (pH 7.4). When tested in human internal mammary artery segments in the organ(More)
Spasm of the saphenous vein frequently occurs during harvesting from the leg and high-pressure distension is required to restore an adequate diameter for grafting. Forceful distention has been shown to damage the intima and media and may predispose to subsequent occlusion of the vein graft. Various pharmacologic vasodilators are capable of relaxing veins;(More)
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