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BACKGROUND The Drosophila melanogaster genome was the first metazoan genome to have been sequenced by the whole-genome shotgun (WGS) method. Two issues relating to this achievement were widely debated in the genomics community: how correct is the sequence with respect to base-pair (bp) accuracy and frequency of assembly errors? And, how difficult is it to(More)
The human X chromosome has a unique biology that was shaped by its evolution as the sex chromosome shared by males and females. We have determined 99.3% of the euchromatic sequence of the X chromosome. Our analysis illustrates the autosomal origin of the mammalian sex chromosomes, the stepwise process that led to the progressive loss of recombination(More)
The availability of a high quality human genome assembly has revolutionized bio-medical research. Genomics has now entered the realm of clinical genetics, with many groups using either whole genome sequencing [1,2] or whole exome sequenc-ing [3] to identify variants underlying diseases and informing treatment options [4]. Advances in technology have(More)
Completion of the Rattus norvegicus genome sequence enabled a global inventory and analysis of the nuclear receptors (NRs) in three mammalian species. Forty-nine NR members were found in mouse, 48 in human. Forty-seven were found in the rat, with gaps at the locations expected for the other two. Pairwise comparisons of their distribution in rat, mouse, and(More)
Burkholderia is a diverse and dynamic genus, containing pathogenic species as well as species that form complex interactions with plants. Pathogenic strains, such as B. pseudomallei and B. mallei, can cause serious disease in mammals, while other Burkholderia strains are opportunistic pathogens, infecting humans or animals with a compromised immune system.(More)
Tribolium castaneum is a member of the most species-rich eukaryotic order, a powerful model organism for the study of generalized insect development, and an important pest of stored agricultural products. We describe its genome sequence here. This omnivorous beetle has evolved the ability to interact with a diverse chemical environment, as shown by large(More)
Microbes hold the key to life. They hold the secrets to our past (as the descendants of the earliest forms of life) and the prospects for our future (as we mine their genes for solutions to some of the planet's most pressing problems, from global warming to antibiotic resistance). However, the piecemeal approach that has defined efforts to study microbial(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory disease of the newborn bowel, primarily affecting premature infants. Early intestinal colonization has been implicated in the pathogenesis of NEC. The objective of this prospective case-control study was to evaluate differences in the intestinal microbiota between infants who developed NEC and unaffected(More)
After the completion of a draft human genome sequence, the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium has proceeded to finish and annotate each of the 24 chromosomes comprising the human genome. Here we describe the sequencing and analysis of human chromosome 3, one of the largest human chromosomes. Chromosome 3 comprises just four contigs, one of(More)
Burkholderia tuberum STM678T was isolated from a South African legume, but did not renodulate this plant. Until a reliable host is found, studies on this and other interesting beta-rhizobia cannot advance. We investigated B. tuberum STM678T’s ability to induce Fix+ nodules on a small-seeded, easy-to-propagate legume (Macroptilium atropurpureum). Previous(More)