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Engagement of the B7 family of molecules on antigen-presenting cells with their T cell-associated ligands, CD28 and CD152 (cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 [CTLA-4]), provides a pivotal costimulatory signal in T-cell activation. We investigated the role of the CD28/CD152 pathway in psoriasis in a 26-week, phase I, open-label dose-escalation(More)
An implementation of GSM EFR using traditional single MAC DSPs DSP1600 takes 24 MIPS to run a single speech c hannel. Lucent DSP16000 is a dual MAC high performance DSP. Analysis has shown DSP16000 code can run GSM EFR at 10 MIPS per channel with the same program space as DSP1600. The code has been restructured to minimize delays and RAM usage for(More)
PG of the E series are generally known to suppress immune responses, however, we have found that PGE synergizes with IL-4 to induce IgE and IgG1 production in LPS-stimulated murine B lymphocytes. PGE2 and PGE1 (10(-6) to 10(-8) M) significantly increase IgE and IgG1 production (up to 26-fold) at all concentrations of IL-4 tested. In addition to its effects(More)
The capacity of the heavy cations Pb, Ni, and Zn to modulate murine in vitro lymphocyte responses was examined. Pb and Ni (100 microM) were shown to enhance the in vitro plaque-forming cell (PFC) response to sheep red blood cells while 100 microM Zn had inhibitory effects. Each metal was able to stimulate the proliferation of murine splenocytes as(More)
The purpose of this research was to determine whether prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a major product of macrophages which can kill certain murine B cell lymphomas, induces death by a necrotic mechanism or by an alternate pathway called apoptosis. CH31 is a phenotypically "immature" B cell lymphoma which resembles immature neonatal B cells in its susceptibility to(More)
Cross-linking of B-cell membrane immunoglobulin (Ig) receptors induces growth arrest at G1-S, leading to apoptosis and cell death in the immature lymphomas WEHI-231 and CH31, but not in the CH12 B-cell line. In this system, which has been used as a model for B-cell tolerance, we have established that these lymphomas produce active transforming growth factor(More)
The CH family of murine B-cell lymphomas includes several members that are sensitive to growth inhibition when their membrane IgM (mIgM) receptors are cross-linked by anti-mu chain, anti-kappa chain, or anti-idiotypic antibodies. These lymphomas are IgM+, Ia+, and IgD +/- and resemble neonatal B cells in terms of their exquisite sensitivity to(More)
The dose proportionality and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of CTLA4Ig, an immunosuppressive drug under development, were investigated in 12 cynomolgus monkeys in a parallel study. The activity of CTLA4Ig in suppressing the immunoresponses to sheep red blood cell (SRBC) was also assessed. Two monkeys per gender were randomly assigned to one of the three(More)
G28-5 sFv-PE40 is a single-chain immunotoxin targeted to CD40, which is highly expressed on human hematologic malignancies, including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-lineage leukemias, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin's disease, as well as certain carcinomas. In vitro analysis showed that this monovalent immunotoxin had a binding affinity of 3 nmol/L, within 15-fold(More)
Ly-1+ B cells have been reported to produce a number of autoantibodies, and to be involved in the selection and regulation of the conventional B cell repertoire. It is not known if these B cells, which are found in high numbers in the peritoneum of normal adult mice, themselves can be regulated. In this study, we evaluated the sensitivity of peritoneal B(More)