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We compared patients who received an internal-mammary-artery graft to the anterior descending coronary artery alone or combined with one or more saphenous-vein grafts (n = 2306) with patients who had only saphenous-vein bypass grafts (n = 3625). The 10-year actuarial survival rate among the group receiving the internal-mammary-artery graft, as compared with(More)
We analyzed 91 psychomotor seizures from 31 patients seizure free at least one year after temporal lobectomy (implying temporal lobe onset). Fifty symptoms were looked for in every seizure and their time of onset and ending noted. Statistical analysis was used to define symptom clusters and the order of appearance of symptoms. Of the eighteen most common(More)
The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Trial is a multicenter randomized clinical trial for men and women aged 18-70 years with chronic renal disease who are not on dialysis and who have not had a kidney transplant. Study participants are randomized in a 2 x 2 factorial design to diets containing different amounts of protein and phosphorus and to two(More)
Human behavioural ecology emerged in the mid-1970s as a result of applying the theory of evolution by natural selection in order to understand human behaviour. Using explicit models to derive hypotheses that are tested with quantitative data primarily drawn from traditional human communities, it offers a natural science of sociocultural diversity. Human(More)
FontForge is an open source program which allows the creation and modification of fonts in many standard formats. This article will start with the basic problem of converting a picture of a letter into an outline image (used in most computer fonts). Then I shall describe the automatic creation of accented characters, and how to add ligatures and kerning(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the use of preoperative intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for complications of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS We studied 22 patients with severe PDR. A preoperative complexity score (CS) was recorded. Eleven eyes were treated with IVB, 1.25 mg, 5-7 days before PPV(More)
A random sample of 100 active electroencephalographers in the United States evaluated 10-second samples of 12 selected EEGs. The evaluations consisted of multiple-choice questions related to the age of the patient, EEG finding, artifact, and consciousness of the patient. The rate of reporting the "correct" response was examined in terms of various(More)
Sixty-six patients with greater than or equal to 50% stenosis of an intracranial internal carotid artery (IICA) were followed-up for an average of 3.9 years. Eighteen patients (27.3%) experienced ischemic events; 8 (12.1%) had isolated TIA and 10 (15.2%) a stroke. The observed stroke rate for patients 35 years and older are 13 times the expected infarction(More)
Forty-four patients with greater than or equal to 50% stenosis of a distal vertebral artery (VA) and/or basilar artery (BA) were followed up for an average of 6.1 years. Angiography was performed for definite vertebrobasilar (VB) transient ischemic attacks (TIA) in 19 (43%), for VB infarcts in 13 (30%) and for non localizing symptoms in 12 (27%). Stenosis(More)