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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a common form of muscular dystrophy in adults that is foremost characterized by progressive wasting of muscles in the upper body. FSHD is associated with contraction of D4Z4 macrosatellite repeats on chromosome 4q35, but this contraction is pathogenic only in certain "permissive" chromosomal backgrounds.(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive weakness of the facial, shoulder and upper arm muscles. The disease is associated with DNA rearrangements which are detectable using probe p13E-11 (D4F104S1) in DNA digested with EcoRI or other restriction enzymes. We have cloned and characterized the(More)
Most patients treated for single or multiple brain metastases die from progression of extracranial tumor activity. This makes it uncertain whether the combination of neurosurgery and radiotherapy for treatment of single brain metastasis will lead to better results than less invasive treatment with radiotherapy alone. The effect of neurosurgical excision(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the variable clinical picture of Möbius syndrome (MIM no. 157900) and to further understand the pathogenesis of the disorder. METHODS A standardized questionnaire was submitted to 37 Dutch patients with Möbius syndrome. All underwent standardized neurologic examination with special attention to cranial nerve functions, motor(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is linked to the polymorphic D4Z4 locus on chromosome 4q35. In non-affected individuals, this locus comprises 10-100 tandem copies of members of the 3.3kb dispersed repeat family. Deletions leaving 1-8 such repeats have been associated with FSHD, for which no candidate gene has been identified. We have(More)
Autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is mainly characterized by progressive wasting and weakness of the facial, shoulder, and upper-arm muscles. FSHD is caused by contraction of the macrosatellite repeat D4Z4 on chromosome 4q35. The D4Z4 repeat is very polymorphic in length, and D4Z4 rearrangements occur almost exclusively via(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of aerobic exercise training (AET) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on chronic fatigue in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS We performed a multicenter, assessor-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT). Fifty-seven patients with FSHD type 1 with severe chronic fatigue were(More)
CONTEXT Dyslexia is a common disorder with a strong genetic component, but despite significant research effort, the aetiology is still largely unknown. OBJECTIVE To identify loci contributing to dyslexia risk. METHODS This was a genomewide linkage analysis in a single large family. Dutch families with at least two first degree relatives suffering from(More)