George W. Padberg

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Most patients treated for single or multiple brain metastases die from progression of extracranial tumor activity. This makes it uncertain whether the combination of neurosurgery and radiotherapy for treatment of single brain metastasis will lead to better results than less invasive treatment with radiotherapy alone. The effect of neurosurgical excision(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is linked to the polymorphic D4Z4 locus on chromosome 4q35. In non-affected individuals, this locus comprises 10-100 tandem copies of members of the 3.3kb dispersed repeat family. Deletions leaving 1-8 such repeats have been associated with FSHD, for which no candidate gene has been identified. We have(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a common form of muscular dystrophy in adults that is foremost characterized by progressive wasting of muscles in the upper body. FSHD is associated with contraction of D4Z4 macrosatellite repeats on chromosome 4q35, but this contraction is pathogenic only in certain "permissive" chromosomal backgrounds.(More)
The autosomal dominant myopathy facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD1, OMIM 158900) is caused by contraction of the D4Z4 repeat array on 4qter. We show that this contraction causes marked hypomethylation of the contracted D4Z4 allele in individuals with FSHD1. Individuals with phenotypic FSHD1, who are clinically identical to FSHD1 but have an(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive weakness of the facial, shoulder and upper arm muscles. The disease is associated with DNA rearrangements which are detectable using probe p13E-11 (D4F104S1) in DNA digested with EcoRI or other restriction enzymes. We have cloned and characterized the(More)
Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) is characterized by chromatin relaxation of the D4Z4 macrosatellite array on chromosome 4 and expression of the D4Z4-encoded DUX4 gene in skeletal muscle. The more common form, autosomal dominant FSHD1, is caused by contraction of the D4Z4 array, whereas the genetic determinants and inheritance of D4Z4 array(More)
PURPOSE To determine if in patients with single brain metastasis the addition of neurosurgery to radiotherapy leads to lengthening of survival or to better quality of life. METHODS AND MATERIALS From 1985 to 1990, 66 patients with single brain metastasis from a solid tumor were entered in a randomized trial of neurosurgery plus radiotherapy vs.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of severe fatigue and its relation to functional impairment in daily life in patients with relatively common types of neuromuscular disorders. METHODS 598 patients with a neuromuscular disease were studied (139 with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy, 322 with adult onset myotonic dystrophy, and 137 with hereditary motor and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the variable clinical picture of Möbius syndrome (MIM no. 157900) and to further understand the pathogenesis of the disorder. METHODS A standardized questionnaire was submitted to 37 Dutch patients with Möbius syndrome. All underwent standardized neurologic examination with special attention to cranial nerve functions, motor(More)
Spinal muscular atrophies (SMA, also known as hereditary motor neuropathies) and hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders of the peripheral nervous system. Here we report that mutations in the TRPV4 gene cause congenital distal SMA, scapuloperoneal SMA, HMSN 2C. We identified three missense(More)