George W. Lucier

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Using a novel and highly selective technique, we measured monoester metabolites of seven commonly used phthalates in urine samples from a reference population of 289 adult humans. This analytical approach allowed us to directly measure the individual phthalate metabolites responsible for the animal reproductive and developmental toxicity while avoiding(More)
The changes in the phosphorus metabolism of a xenografted hypopharynx carcinoma (Hyp 1), sensitive to cisplatin (CDDP), were compared to those occurring in two sublines of the tumour, characterised by moderate or high resistance to CDDP (Hyp 1/H and Hyp I/R) following, i.p. administration of 4, 8 or 12 mg CDDP/kg -. The investigations were performed by in(More)
The hypothesis has been put forward that humans and wildlife species adverse suffered adverse health effects after exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Reported adverse effects include declines in populations, increases in cancers, and reduced reproductive function. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sponsored a workshop in April 1995 to bring(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have associated bladder cancer with exposure to carcinogens present in tobacco smoke and other environmental or occupational exposures. Approximately 50% of all humans inherit two deleted copies of the GSTM1 gene which encodes for the carcinogen-detoxification enzyme glutathione S-transferase M1. Recent findings suggest that the(More)
Carcinogenic arylamines are acetylated by the hepatic N-acetyltransferase. This enzyme is polymorphic in humans and in some epidemiological studies, the slow-acetylator phenotype has been associated with higher risk of bladder cancer and lower risk of colorectal cancer. The presence of two germline copies of any of several mutant alleles of the NAT2 gene(More)
Studies were completed in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice to determine the effect of dose, dose rate, route of administration, and rodent species on formation of total and individual benzene metabolites. Oral doses of 50 mg/kg or higher saturated the capacity for benzene metabolism in both rats and mice, resulting in an increased proportion of the administered(More)
We developed a sensitive and accurate analytical method for quantifying methyleugenol (ME) in human serum. Our method uses a simple solid-phase extraction followed by a highly specific analysis using isotope dilution gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. Our method is very accurate; its limit of detection is 3.1 pg/g and its average(More)
A physiological dosimetric model of the disposition of TCDD in the rat (Kohn et al., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 120, 138-154, 1993) was extended to include effects of dioxin on serum concentrations of thyroid hormones in the rat. The extended model included distribution of blood among major vessels and tissue capillary beds and resorption of TCDD released(More)
Human cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) is inducible by ethanol and is involved in metabolism of many known carcinogens including N-nitrosodimethylamine, butadiene, benzene, and carbon tetrachloride. A 50-fold variability in CYP2E1 enzyme activity in humans has been observed but it is unknown whether the basis for this variation is genetic or environmental.(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a potent hepatocarcinogen in rodents. However, liver tumor incidence is increased by TCDD in female Sprague-Dawley rats but not male rats in chronic carcinogen bioassays. Our studies have investigated this finding by evaluating histological and biochemical parameters in a two-stage model for hepatocarcinogenesis(More)