George W. Joe

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This study focused on the relationship between organizational functioning factors measured in a staff survey using the Texas Christian University (TCU) Organizational Readiness for Change assessment and client-level engagement measured by the TCU Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment in drug treatment programs. The sample consisted of 531 clinical and(More)
Brief but comprehensive instruments measuring patient motivation, psychosocial functioning, treatment process, social network support, and services received are needed for monitoring drug abuse treatment delivery and patient progress. Combining this information across patients within a program also provides useful indicators about institutional composition(More)
BACKGROUND This national study focused on posttreatment outcomes of community treatments of cocaine dependence. Relapse to weekly (or more frequent) cocaine use in the first year after discharge from 3 major treatment modalities was examined in relation to patient problem severity at admission to the treatment program and length of stay. METHODS We(More)
Although one-third of clients enrolled in methadone treatment in the United States are female, few studies have looked at gender differences at admission and follow-up. Using interview data from 435 clients (31% female) collected at admission and approximately 1 year after discharge, females were found to have more dysfunctional families of origin and(More)
A model to explain treatment retention in terms of process components--therapeutic involvement and session attributes for the 1st month--and patient background factors were tested in long-term residential (LTR), outpatient drug free (ODF), and outpatient methadone (OMT) treatments. The data was collected in the national Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Studies(More)
BACKGROUND Longer retention has been the most consistent predictor of favorable drug abuse treatment outcomes, but key therapeutic and patient engagement indicators of treatment process need to be more clearly established. METHODS An integrative model representing treatment dynamics was tested for explaining long-term program retention. It was based on a(More)
The process of innovation adoption was investigated using longitudinal records collected from a statewide network of almost 60 treatment programs over a 2-year period. Program-level measures of innovation adoption were defined by averaged counselor ratings of program training needs and readiness, organizational functioning, quality of a workshop training(More)
HIV risks involving injection and sex behaviors were analyzed in relation to cocaine use and gender among 487 opiate-dependent clients in methadone treatment. Those who also used cocaine were at greater risk than non-cocaine users on HIV risky injection variables. Females were at more risk than males on the HIV risky sex behaviors involving unprotected sex(More)
Previous work has shown length of time in drug abuse treatment is associated with better outcomes, but the role of therapeutic engagement and process needs further examination. In this study, the total number of counseling sessions attended by 557 clients in their first 90 days of community-based outpatient treatment was examined in relation to indicators(More)
The prevailing emphasis on adopting evidence-based practices suggests that more focused training evaluations that capture factors in clinician decisions to use new techniques are needed. This includes relationships between postconference evaluations and subsequent adoption of training materials. We therefore collected training assessments at two time points(More)