George W. Forsyth

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The appaloosa coat spotting pattern in horses is caused by a single incomplete dominant gene (LP). Homozygosity for LP (LP/LP) is directly associated with congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) in Appaloosa horses. LP maps to a 6-cM region on ECA1. We investigated the relative expression of two functional candidate genes located in this LP candidate(More)
Attempts to attribute ileal brush-border chloride conductance to specific proteins were pursued by screening a porcine intestinal cDNA library. A 0.94-kb clone was identified on expression screening with a monoclonal antibody that inhibited enterocyte brush-border chloride conductance. Further screening approaches led to the isolation of a 3.1-kb(More)
Problems in ion and fluid transfer across the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) are a probable cause of inappropriate accumulations of fluid between the photoreceptors of the retina and the RPE. The activities of Cl- transporters involved in basal fluid transfer across the RPE have been compared to determine whether Ca2+- or cAMP-dependent channels may be(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a murine retinal/choroidal/scleral explant culture system to facilitate the intravitreous delivery of vectors. Posterior segment explants from adult mice of 2 different age groups (4 wk and 15 wk) were cultured in serum-free medium for variable time periods. Tissue viability was assessed by gross morphology, cell(More)
CLCA proteins were discovered in bovine trachea and named for a calcium-dependent chloride conductance found in trachea and in other secretory epithelial tissues. At least four closely located gene loci in the mouse and the human code for independent isoforms of CLCA proteins. Full-length CLCA proteins have an unprocessed mass ratio of approximately 100(More)
The effects of CLCA protein expression on the regulation of Cl(-) conductance by intracellular Ca(2+) and cAMP have been studied previously in nonepithelial cell lines chosen for low backgrounds of endogenous Cl(-) conductance. However, CLCA proteins have been cloned from, and normally function in, differentiated epithelial cells. In this study, we examine(More)
The regulatory behavior, inhibitor sensitivity, and properties of the whole cell chloride conductance observed in cells expressing the cDNA coding for a chloride conductance mediator isoform of the CLCA gene family, pCLCA1, have been studied. Common C-kinase consensus phosphorylation sites between pCLCA1 and the closely related human isoform hCLCA1 are(More)
1. This study was carried out to determine the types and activities of carrier proteins which transport the chloride ion in pig jejunal brush-border membranes, with an emphasis on studying the properties of chloride conductance activity in vesicles prepared from these membranes. 2. Sodium-chloride co-transport activity was not detected in this tissue. A(More)
Cholera toxin is very well characterized in terms of the activation of adenylate cyclase. In some systems, however, this cyclase activation does not seem to account for all of the physiological responses to the toxin. On the premise that cholera toxin may also exert effects through other second messenger compounds we have studied the effect of cholera toxin(More)