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In order to establish the most reliable marker for distinguishing urinary tract infections (UTI) with and without renal parenchymal involvement (RPI), we recorded the clinical features and admission leukocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and serum procalcitonin (PCT) in 57 children (including 43 girls) aged 2–108(More)
PURPOSE Intravaginal or extravaginal spermatic cord torsion is a diagnostic challenge for the surgeon and radiologist. Color Doppler sonography can be inaccurate, leading to dangerous false-negative results. To date, no single reliable test has been able to provide 100% diagnostic accuracy. The direct visualization of the twisted cord during emergency high(More)
The Treves’ field congenital hernias (TFCH) are an unusual cause of bowel obstruction that may result in irreversible damage of the small bowel or a fatal outcome, unless treated timely and properly. We analyzed retrospectively the medical records of four patients who underwent surgery for TFCHs over a period of 9 years. The types of TFCHs, only diagnosed(More)
The usual presentation of crossed testicular ectopia (CTE) is that of inguinal hernia with contralateral absent testis. We report on a 10-month-old infant with CTE, which presented as irreducible inguinal hernia. Diagnosis was made during surgery, as the child underwent an emergency operation for repair of his irreducible right inguinal hernia. A(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for inguinal herniotomy in premature infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit. A two-institutional-center retrospective study was performed including 41 prematures at gestational age 28–35 weeks who underwent herniotomy within 1 week of diagnosis [short-waiting group (SWG), median 5 days,(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease frequently begins during childhood or adolescence. Current tests and procedures for diagnosing and monitoring inflammatory bowel disease are invasive, uncomfortable and costly. Fecal calprotectin is an inflammatory marker tested in several studies including pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. A search for articles(More)
This study assessed the occurrence of ectopic adrenocortical tissue in the inguinal region of children and proposed an appropriate scheme of treatment. Three hundred sixteen inguinoscrotal operations were performed on 289 consecutive patients over a period of 12 months. Nodules considered as ectopic adrenocortical tissue were excised from eight patients(More)
Testicular dysmorphism (TD) associated with infantile abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) may be due to the pressure effect of hydrocele on the testis or may be a developmental abnormality. Only a few reports are referred to the etiology of testicular changes in infantile ASH. We present an additional case of infantile ASH together with a review of the(More)
Lipoblastoma is a rare benign pediatric tumor derived from embryonic fat, and only two cases of lipoblastoma located on the posterior side of the neck have been reported in the literature. Here, we present the third case of posterior neck lipoblastoma in a 13-month-old healthy girl, who presented with a firm, posterior cervical mass. The tumor was(More)
Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract are a significant cause of morbidity in children and less frequently in adults. In rare cases, they may run undetected during childhood and may present during adolescence. These abnormalities include developmental obstructive defects of the duodenum and the small intestine, anomalies of rotation and(More)