George Vaniotis

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G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play key physiological roles in numerous tissues, including the heart, and their dysfunction influences a wide range of cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the notion of nuclear localization and action of GPCRs has become more widely accepted. Nuclear-localized receptors may regulate distinct signalling pathways,(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine if different beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) subtypes, and their associated signalling machinery, are functionally localized to nuclear membranes. METHODS Employing enriched nuclear preparations, we assayed the specific presence of betaAR by measuring 125I-cyanopindolol (CYP) binding, Western blotting, confocal(More)
In recent years, we have come to appreciate the complexity of G protein-coupled receptor signaling in general and β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signaling in particular. Starting originally from three β-AR subtypes expressed in cardiomyocytes with relatively simple, linear signaling cascades, it is now clear that there are large receptor-based networks which(More)
At the cell surface, βARs and endothelin receptors can regulate nitric oxide (NO) production. β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) and type B endothelin receptors (ETB) are present in cardiac nuclear membranes and regulate transcription. The present study investigated the role of the NO pathway in the regulation of gene transcription by these nuclear G(More)
Signaling from internalizing and endosomal receptors has almost become a classic GPCR paradigm in the last several years. However, it has become clear in recent years that GPCRs also elicit signals when resident at other subcellular sites including the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and the nucleus. In this review we discuss the nature, function,(More)
Both β(1)- and β(3)-adrenergic receptors (β(1)ARs and β(3)ARs) are present on nuclear membranes in adult ventricular myocytes. These nuclear-localized receptors are functional with respect to ligand binding and effector activation. In isolated cardiac nuclei, the non-selective βAR agonist isoproterenol stimulated de novo RNA synthesis measured using assays(More)
OBJECTIVE Innovations in pediatric cardiovascular surgery have resulted in significant improvements in survival for children with congenital heart disease. In adults with such disease, however, surgical morbidity and mortality remain significant. We hypothesized that hypoxemia in early life causes lasting changes in gene expression in the developing heart(More)
BACKGROUND There is a growing population of adults with repaired cyanotic congenital heart disease. These patients have increased risk of impaired cardiac health and premature death. We hypothesized that hypoxia in early life before surgical intervention causes lasting changes in left ventricular structure and function with physiological implications in(More)
AIMS Protein kinases are potential therapeutic targets for heart failure, but most studies of cardiac protein kinases derive from other systems, an approach that fails to account for specific kinases expressed in the heart and the contractile cardiomyocytes. We aimed to define the cardiomyocyte kinome (i.e. the protein kinases expressed in cardiomyocytes)(More)
The measurement of changes in the transcriptome is a common end point for various pathologic and pharmacologic studies. In recent years, with the discovery of a host of potential pharmacologic targets located directly on the nuclear membrane, the need to assess their potential control over the transcriptome has arisen. Here we present techniques for(More)
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