George Thomas Kluemper

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INTRODUCTION Little research has been conducted to evaluate protocols and trends in orthodontic retention. The purpose of this study was to identify the general retention protocols used by orthodontists in the United States. Additionally, our goal was to identify trends in these orthodontic retention protocols by evaluating how they have changed over the(More)
OBJECTIVE As genetic variation accounts for two-thirds of the variation in external apical root resorption (EARR) concurrent with orthodontic treatment, we analyzed the association of selected genetic and treatment-related factors with EARR concurrent with orthodontic treatment. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION This case-control study of 134 unrelated,(More)
The Bolton tooth-size analysis is widely taught and used in orthodontics. However, its reliability has not been documented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the analysis when performed with needle-pointed dividers and a Boley gauge. Four clinicians measured the teeth on 15 sets of casts with two instruments at two sessions. The(More)
The relationship between respiration and craniofacial morphology has been debated for many years. Despite numerous studies, the term 'mouth breathing' remains ill-defined. Still, medical and surgical treatments are performed in order to modify respiration and 'improve' facial growth. This clinical belief continues, in the absence of conclusive evidence,(More)
During orthodontic treatment, pain and discomfort of the oral mucosa can be experienced as a result of trauma from the appliances caused by increased friction between mucosal tissue and the surface of the brackets. Currently, orthodontists have few remedies to prevent or relieve this mucosal irritation. The orthodontist can give the patient wax to cover the(More)
Facial growth modification can be an effective method of resolving skeletal discrepancies. There still is much controversy regarding our understanding of the nature and extent of skeletal orthopedic change possible in individual patients and the most effective appliances and timing of such treatment. In the treatment of class II patients, growth(More)
INTRODUCTION Retention is an important, even critical, component of orthodontic treatment. There is little research on practice protocols and patient compliance with long-term or short-term retention. This lack of information leaves our specialty with many opinions and practice protocols. The purposes of this study were to evaluate and quantify orthodontic(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to determine the success rate, positional stability, and patient evaluation of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs). METHODS Thirteen patients (8 girls, 5 boys; average age, 14 years 10 months) were treated with 82 OMIs measuring 1.6 mm in diameter and 6 mm in length placed in the buccal alveoli (1 unloaded OMI and 1(More)
Currently in North America, there is an active dialogue going on about the state of predoctoral dental education and the need for curriculum change, innovation, and the adoption of contemporary, competency-based educational models. At the institutional level, curriculum committees struggle with requests from faculty to add new content to an overburdened(More)
BACKGROUND Then authors provide a critical review of the issues involved in determining the appropriate timing of orthodontic treatment. Both single- and two-phase treatments are discussed and guidelines are offered to assist in formulating treatment plans. OVERVIEW In providing orthodontic care for pediatric patients, clinicians often question whether to(More)