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Hydrophobins are small fungal proteins that self-assemble at hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces into amphipathic membranes that, in the case of Class I hydrophobins, can be disassembled only by treatment with agents like pure trifluoroacetic acid. Here we characterize, by spectroscopic techniques, the structural changes that occur upon assembly at an(More)
Hydrophobins self assemble into amphipathic films at hydrophobic-hydrophilic interfaces. These proteins are involved in a broad range of processes in fungal development. We have studied the conformational changes that accompany the self-assembly of the hydrophobin SC3 with polarization-modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, attenuated total(More)
A novel display system is described that allows highly efficient immobilization of heterologous proteins on bacterial surfaces in applications for which the use of genetically modified bacteria is less desirable. This system is based on nonliving and non-genetically modified gram-positive bacterial cells, designated gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM)(More)
The solution structure of the phosphorylated form of the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein, HPr, from Escherichia coli has been determined by NMR in combination with restrained molecular dynamics simulations. The structure of phospho-HPr (P-HPr) results from a molecular dynamics simulation in water, using time-dependent distance restraints to(More)
The present work reports the use of non-living non-recombinant bacteria as a delivery system for mucosal vaccination. Antigens are bound to the cell-wall of pretreated Lactococcus lactis, designated as Gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM), by means of a peptidoglycan binding domain. The influence of the GEM particles on the antigen-specific serum antibody(More)
The mannitol-specific phosphotransferase system transport protein, Enzyme IIMtl, contains two catalytically important phosphorylated amino acid residues, both present on the cytoplasmic part of the enzyme. Recently, this portion has been subcloned, purified, and shown to be an enzymatically active domain. The N-terminal half has also been subcloned and(More)
The fungal class I hydrophobin SC3 self-assembles into an amphipathic membrane at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces such as the water-air and water-Teflon interface. During self-assembly, the water-soluble state of SC3 proceeds via the intermediate alpha-helical state to the stable end form called the beta-sheet state. Self-assembly of the hydrophobin at(More)
The size of enzyme IImtl solubilized in the active state has been determined by size-exclusion chromatography under conditions that favor the association of the enzyme. The contribution of the detergent bound to the enzyme was determined by solubilizing the enzyme and running the TSK250 column in a number of detergents with decreasing micellar sizes. The(More)
During a cycle of mannitol transport and phosphorylation, the phosphoryl group originating on P-enolpyruvate is transferred, consecutively, to two sites on the Escherichia coli mannitol-specific carrier (EIIMtl) before being placed on mannitol [Pas et al. (1988) Biochemistry (in press)]. The peptides constituting the two EIIMtl phosphorylation sites have(More)