George T Mencher

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After a brief review of the history of newborn hearing screening including the Downs behavioral testing procedure, the Crib-o-gram and similar devices, and the use of auropalpebral reflex and otoacoustic emissions, there is a discussion of key issues that need to be resolved before universal hearing screening is introduced. Included are questions regarding(More)
A brief review of the effects of the seven groups of substances and chemicals known to affect hearing and/or the vestibular system is followed by a more detailed discussion of cisplatin (cisplatinum). An illustrative case study is included that exemplifies a recent finding of some recovery of hearing following withdrawal of cisplatin chemotherapy. Some(More)
The level of maturation of the auditory system markedly affects the results of all forms of infant hearing screening. The same test repeated in two weeks may yield significantly different results. The paper reviews some of the maturational changes which occur, considers male/female differences, and offers some normative developmental information about the(More)
To evaluate observer bias as a possible factor influencing neonatal hearing testing, two trained observers were asked to evaluate the behavior of 200 neonates at a moment the observers thought a stimulus was being presented. Observers were receiving masking noise, and when the stimulus button was pressed a stimulus might or might not be delivered to the(More)
To determine the effects of white noise as a pretest sensitizer in neonatal hearing screening, 450 neonates were tested under 18 test conditions which also permitted examination of infant state and criterion stimuli (warble tone versus narrow band noise) as variables. There were three pretest conditions: No pretest sensitizer; 90 dB pretest sensitizer, and(More)
The necessity of early identification of hearing loss has long been urged by otolaryngologists, pediatricians, audiologists, and others working with the deaf. Yet there have been difficulties in implementing accurate and cost-effective newborn hearing screening programs. This article reviews some of the history of infant screening programs, discusses(More)
There were 41 children born between 1973-1976 in Atlantic Canada who were victims of a severe rubella epidemic. This paper investigates prevalent audiometric patterns, incidence of middle ear disease, evidence regarding progressivity of hearing loss and any relationship between presence of middle ear disease and progressivity. Both surgical and audiological(More)