George T Christakis

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BACKGROUND To assess the impact of gender as an independent risk factor for early and late morbidity and mortality following coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS Perioperative and long-term data on all 4,823 patients undergoing isolated coronary bypass operations from November 1989 to July 1998 were analyzed. Of these patients, 932 (19.3%) were(More)
BACKGROUND The Warm Heart Trial randomized 1732 CABG patients to receive warm or cold blood cardioplegia. In the warm cardioplegia patients, nonfatal perioperative cardiac events were significantly decreased and the mortality rate was nonsignificantly decreased (1. 4% versus 2.5%, P:=0.12). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the late results(More)
BACKGROUND The demographics of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have changed over time and may contribute to differing operative mortality and the combination of mortality and morbidity (M + M). In this study, the trends in results are analyzed and causes are suggested. METHODS Prospectively collected data concerning 4,839 CABG(More)
BACKGROUND Early coronary bypass graft failures may be preventable if identified intraoperatively. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two intraoperative graft assessment techniques, transit-time ultrasound flow measurement and indocyanine green fluorescent-dye graft angiography. METHODS Patents undergoing isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is proposed to improve clinical outcomes and decrease resource use. However, off-pump surgery is not widely used in Canada. The purpose of this study was to determine the current use of OPCAB in Canada and determine why surgeons have not adopted this technique. METHODS AND RESULTS The study was a(More)
With the advent of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) techniques, a renewed interest has developed in sutureless aortic valve concepts in the last decade. The main feature of sutureless aortic valve implantation is the speed of insertion, thus making implantation easier for the surgeon. As a result, cross clamp times and myocardial ischemia may(More)
Results of cardiac surgery were analyzed using a database that included plasma creatinine levels in 2,214 patients, of whom 507 had preoperative renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance < 0.9 mL x s(-1) x m(-2)). Logistic regression and propensity score analyses found preoperative renal dysfunction to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality.(More)
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