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A number of lines of evidence suggest that red wine may be more effective than other alcoholic beverages in decreasing the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. This protection over and above that due to ethanol itself may be explained by phenolic components with which red wines are richly endowed. We have studied the effects of the trihydroxy(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their powerful biologic activities conducive to protection against atherosclerosis, cancer and inflammatory diseases demonstrated in vitro, there is considerable doubt whether the polyphenolic constituents present in red wine and other dietary components are effective in vivo. OBJECTIVE We have tested the absorptive efficiency of three(More)
OBJECTIVES Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is the parent compound of a family of molecules, including glucosides and polymers, existing in cis and trans configurations in a narrow range of spermatophytes of which vines, peanuts and pines are the prime representatives. Its synthesis from p-coumaroyl CoA and malonyl CoA is induced by stress, injury,(More)
The cardiovascular benefits of light to moderate red wine consumption often have been attributed to its polyphenol constituents. However, the acute dose-related hemodynamic, vasodilator, and sympathetic neural effects of ethanol and red wine have not been characterized and compared in the same individual. We sought to test the hypotheses that responses to(More)
Wine has been part of human culture for 6,000 years, serving dietary and socio-religious functions. Its production takes place on every continent, and its chemical composition is profoundly influenced by enological techniques, the grape cultivar from which it originates, and climatic factors. In addition to ethanol, which in moderate consumption can reduce(More)
To routinely assay the concentrations of ochratoxin A (OTA) in wines and beers, two new methods were developed and evaluated. The first utilized solid-phase extraction on a C(18) cartridge to achieve a 100-fold sample concentration followed by high-performance liquid chromatography on a C(18) column with gradient elution and quantitation at 333 nm by means(More)
In healthy subjects a standard drink of either red wine (RW) or ethanol (EtOH) has no effect on muscle sympathetic nerve activity or on heart rate (HR), whereas two drinks increase both. Using time- and frequency-domain indexes of HR variability (HRV), we now tested in 12 subjects (24-47 yr, 6 men) the hypotheses that 1) this HR increase reflects concurrent(More)
The concentrations of three polyphenols ((+)-catechin, quercetin and trans-resveratrol) in blood serum, plasma and urine, as well as whole blood, have been measured after their oral and intragastric administration, respectively, to humans and rats. The method developed for this purpose utilized ethyl acetate extraction of 100 microl samples and their(More)