George Soleas

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BACKGROUND Despite their powerful biologic activities conducive to protection against atherosclerosis, cancer and inflammatory diseases demonstrated in vitro, there is considerable doubt whether the polyphenolic constituents present in red wine and other dietary components are effective in vivo. OBJECTIVE We have tested the absorptive efficiency of three(More)
A number of lines of evidence suggest that red wine may be more effective than other alcoholic beverages in decreasing the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. This protection over and above that due to ethanol itself may be explained by phenolic components with which red wines are richly endowed. We have studied the effects of the trihydroxy(More)
OBJECTIVES Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is the parent compound of a family of molecules, including glucosides and polymers, existing in cis and trans configurations in a narrow range of spermatophytes of which vines, peanuts and pines are the prime representatives. Its synthesis from p-coumaroyl CoA and malonyl CoA is induced by stress, injury,(More)
We describe a reversed-phase HPLC method that uses gradient elution and diode array detection to quantitate eight biologically active phenolic constitutions of wine: the cis and trans isomers of resveratrol and their glucosides, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin, and rutin. ODS Hypersil served as the stationary phase; the gradient was formed by acetic acid,(More)
To routinely assay the concentrations of ochratoxin A (OTA) in wines and beers, two new methods were developed and evaluated. The first utilized solid-phase extraction on a C(18) cartridge to achieve a 100-fold sample concentration followed by high-performance liquid chromatography on a C(18) column with gradient elution and quantitation at 333 nm by means(More)
Wine has been part of human culture for 6,000 years, serving dietary and socio-religious functions. Its production takes place on every continent, and its chemical composition is profoundly influenced by enological techniques, the grape cultivar from which it originates, and climatic factors. In addition to ethanol, which in moderate consumption can reduce(More)
The concentrations of three polyphenols ((+)-catechin, quercetin and trans-resveratrol) in blood serum, plasma and urine, as well as whole blood, have been measured after their oral and intragastric administration, respectively, to humans and rats. The method developed for this purpose utilized ethyl acetate extraction of 100 microl samples and their(More)
BACKGROUND There has been growing interest in the analysis of certain polyphenols in wine, especially flavonoids, trihydroxystilbenes and phenolic acids, stimulated by intense research into their potential benefits to human health. One of their main properties in this regard is their antioxidant activity, which enables them to attenuate the development of(More)
In healthy subjects a standard drink of either red wine (RW) or ethanol (EtOH) has no effect on muscle sympathetic nerve activity or on heart rate (HR), whereas two drinks increase both. Using time- and frequency-domain indexes of HR variability (HRV), we now tested in 12 subjects (24-47 yr, 6 men) the hypotheses that 1) this HR increase reflects concurrent(More)