George Shorten

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Postoperative renal impairment is a recognized complication of infrarenal aortic cross-clamping. Our hypothesis was that the renal vasodilating and natriuretic effects of fenoldopam mesylate, a selective dopamine (DA1) agonist, would preserve renal function in patients undergoing elective infrarenal aortic cross-clamping. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the endotracheal intubating conditions after rocuronium, using the "timing principle," with those after succinylcholine. The timing principle entails administration of a single bolus dose of nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, followed by an induction drug at the onset of clinical weakness. Forty-five patients were randomly assigned to(More)
OBJECTIVES Breast cancer surgery is associated with a high incidence of persistent postsurgical pain (PPSP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intravenous (IV) lidocaine on acute and PPSP, analgesic requirements, and sensation abnormalities in patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. METHODS Thirty-six patients participated in this(More)
The four major categories of skill sets associated with proficiency in ultrasound guided regional anaesthesia are 1) understanding device operations, 2) image optimization, 3) image interpretation and 4) visualization of needle insertion and injection of the local anesthetic solution. Of these, visualization of needle insertion and injection of local(More)
The haemodynamic effects of oxytocin receive scant attention in pharmacology texts, but may be clinically significant in vulnerable patients. Despite prescriber information recommending a dose of 5 international units by slow i.v. injection, it is the authors' experience that it is very common practice in the UK to give 10 units as a rapid injection. We(More)
We have investigated the effects of the statins atorvastatin and fluvastatin on the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme (CYP 3A4)-mediated metabolism of midazolam in vitro, using pooled human liver microsomes. Midazolam was metabolised by human hepatic microsomes with a Michaelis-Menten constant (K(m)) of 5.25 (SD 1.2) micromol.l(-1). Atorvastatin was a moderate(More)
Impairment of renal and splanchnic perfusion during and after cardiopulmonary bypass may be responsible for acute renal failure and endotoxin-mediated systemic inflammation, respectively. We hypothesised that fenoldopam, a selective dopamine receptor agonist, would preserve renal function after cardiopulmonary bypass through its selective renal vasodilatory(More)
In the normal resolution of an acute inflammatory response apoptosis of neutrophils is essential to maintain immune homeostasis and limit inappropriate host tissue damage by decreasing neutrophil tissue load, function, and release of phlogistic reactive oxygen species and proteases. The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), a massive(More)
OBJECTIVES single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes for catecholamine-O-methyltransferase (COMT), μ-opioid receptor and GTP cyclohydrolase (GCH1) have been linked to acute and chronic pain states. COMT polymorphisms are associated with experimental pain sensitivity and a chronic pain state. No such association has been identified perioperatively.(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is the founding member of the neurotrophins family of proteins. It was discovered more than half a century ago through its ability to promote sensory and sympathetic neuronal survival and axonal growth during the development of the peripheral nervous system, and is the paradigmatic target-derived neurotrophic factor on which the(More)