In patients with phenylketonuria, blood phenylalanine concentration during childhood is the major determinant of cognitive outcome. Guidelines provide age-related recommendations for treatment. To ascertain the extent to which these aims are achievable, we audited results from four centres for the years 1994-2000. The median proportion of samples with… (More)
Saliva carbamazepine and phenytoin samples were used to monitor treatment in 35 children aged between 2 and 14 years during a 2-year period. All phenytoin levels and over half the carbamazepine levels that were above the therapeutic range were associated with adverse effects. Dose and carbamazepine saliva levels were significantly related but no such… (More)
One hundred and fifty parents of emergency paediatric admissions were interviewed; 60 of 106 (57%) blood samples were taken and 107 of 120 (89%) treatment regimens were instituted without their permission. Furthermore, the reasons for over half the blood tests and 31% of the drug treatments were not explained.
A 1993 MRC working group on phenylketonuria suggested standardising blood phenylalanine measurements by taking blood samples at the same time each day. Since it is not known how representative of a 24 hour period a single phenylalanine concentration is, the aim of this study was to investigate the 24 hour variability of plasma phenylalanine in well… (More)
The relevance of providing a rapid anticonvulsant monitoring service was assessed over a five year period at a paediatric epilepsy outpatient clinic. Altogether 481 drug assays were performed on 144 patients when considered clinically indicated. Drugs most frequently assayed were carbamazepine and sodium valproate, singly or in combination; sodium… (More)