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The effect of decreased renal function on the disposition and elimination of the nontricyclic antidepressant fluoxetine was examined in 25 adult male subjects after a single 40-mg oral dose. Blood samples for the measurement of fluoxetine and its active metabolite norfluoxetine were drawn 13 times in the first 48 hr after dosing and thrice weekly thereafter(More)
The data base for rational guidelines to safe, efficacious drug prescribing in adults with renal insufficiency are presented in tabular form. Current medical literature was extensively surveyed to provide as much specific information as possible. When information is lacking, however, recommendations are based on pharmacokinetic variables in normal subjects.(More)
Fluoxetine (30 mg), administered for 7 days to normal volunteers, produced a 66% inhibition of tritiated serotonin uptake into platelets. Plasma concentrations of fluoxetine correlated positively with inhibition of serotonin uptake. Fluoxetine is well absorbed after oral administration in both the fed and fasted states and demonstrates dose proportionality.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Anemia management protocols in ESRD call for hemoglobin (Hb) monitoring every 2 to 4 weeks. Short-term Hb variability affects the reliability of Hb measurement and may lead to incorrect dosing of erythropoiesis stimulating agents. We prospectively analyzed short-term Hb variability and quantified the relationship between frequency(More)
To test the hypothesis that renal failure alters the absorption and metabolism of nitrendipine and the renal elimination of its metabolites, we gave six normal men and 16 men with various degrees of renal dysfunction a single 20 mg oral dose of nitrendipine. Plasma nitrendipine and nitrendipine pyridine analog metabolite concentrations were measured by HPLC(More)
To elucidate the disposition of atriopeptin III in plasma we performed experiments in normal and anephric rats. Bolus, i.v. atriopeptin III (250 ng) was given after which the rats were decapitated at 30-sec intervals. The half-life of atriopeptin III in normal rats was 26.5 sec, the volume of distribution was 352 ml and the plasma clearance was 500 ml/min.(More)
Drug dosage adjustment for patients with acute or chronic kidney disease is an accepted standard of practice. The challenge is how to accurately estimate a patient's kidney function in both acute and chronic kidney disease and determine the influence of renal replacement therapies on drug disposition. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) held a(More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral iron replacement and maintenance are frequently required in hemodialysis patients. However, serious adverse events have been reported after single doses of some intravenous iron products. This multicenter phase IV clinical trial examined the safety of iron sucrose for the treatment of iron deficiency and for the maintenance of iron(More)
We studied single-dose cefazolin (CFZ) and cephalexin (CPX) kinetics in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients to establish therapeutic guidelines for two cephalosporins commonly used to treat peritonitis in these patients. CFZ, 10 mg/kg, was given intravenously and intraperitoneally, while CPX, 500 mg, was given orally. CFZ led to serum(More)
Increased serum iodide concentrations secondary to iodine absorption through wounds treated with povidone-iodine dressings is described. Hyperchloremic acidosis and a disparity between serum chloride concentrations determined by two different methods suggested the presence of an unidentified halide. Cardiovascular instability and renal failure occurred(More)