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A precursor paper (also available as an OGC White Paper) provides a high-level overview of and architecture for the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards activities that focus on sensors, sensor networks, and a concept called the " Sensor Web ". This OGC focus area is known as Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). For readers interested in greater technical and(More)
ALTHOUGH THE QUESTION OF WHO PAYS FOR open data is important (“Who will pay for public access to research data?”, F. Berman and V. Cerf, Policy Forum, 9 August, p. 616), a greater challenge lies in implementing the institutional and cultural changes required before data from government-sponsored research can be openly shared. The Offi ce of Science and(More)
In a multi-vendor environment, development of the Internet of Things (IoT) will be limited without the emergence of open, consensus standards that enable collaboration. Such standards will define an infrastructure that raises the level of services and quality of information for the marketplace thereby providing more opportunities, particularly for the(More)
Due to rapid urban development, the Geographic Information System (GIS) database needs to be updated with timely and accurate road network information. This paper presents an approach to design a module for image pre-treatment of roads (or roads seeds) and help to decide the most suitable emergency transportation route in disastrous area. Also, in such(More)