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The purpose of this study was to assess whether physiologic changes in canine myocardium due to coronary blood flow reduction, ischemia, and infarction could be detected by changes in dielectrical properties. Measurements were made in the frequency range of 0.2-6.0 GHz. Percent coronary blood flow reduction was linearly related to the decrease in epsilon"(More)
Microwave tomographic imaging is one of the new technologies which has the potential for important applications in medicine. Microwave tomographically reconstructed images may potentially provide information about the physiological state of tissue as well as the anatomical structure of an organ. A two-dimensional (2-D) prototype of a quasi real-time(More)
Laser photocoagulation of the myocardium effectively destroys arrhythmogenic foci. The purpose of this study was 1) to compare the optical properties of canine myocardium before and after photocoagulation, 2) to compare the canine model with clinical cases by measuring the optical properties of human myocardium, and 3) to assess the optical properties of(More)
Microwave tomographic approach is proposed to detect and image breast cancers. Taking into account the big difference in dielectrical properties between normal and malignant tissues, we have proposed using the microwave tomographic method to image a human breast. Because of the anatomical features of the objects, this case has to be referred to the(More)
The purpose of this study was to construct a microwave tomographic system capable of conducting experiments with whole scale biological objects and to demonstrate the feasibility of microwave tomography for imaging such objects using a canine model. Experiments were conducted using a three-dimensional (3-D) microwave tomographic system with working chamber(More)
We studied dielectrical properties of canine myocardium during acute ischemia and hypoxia using dielectrical spectroscopy method at frequency spectrum from 100 kHz to 6 GHz. This study was conducted on a group of six canines with acute ischemia and seven canines with hypoxia. Hypoxia (10% for 30 min) decreases myocardial resistance (rho), while the(More)
A method of image reconstruction in three-dimensional (3-D) microwave tomography in a weak dielectric contrast case has been developed. By utilizing only one component of the vector electromagnetic field this method allows successful reconstruction of images of 3-D mathematical phantoms. A prototype of the 3-D microwave tomographic system capable of imaging(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is characterized by fever, cachexia, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, and hypergammaglobulinemia. Cough may be a presenting symptom as well. However, pulmonary involvement is considered rare and mainly described in immunocompromised patients. We describe a case of an immunocompetent adult whose clinical presentation was dominated by(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical evidence suggests that poor vascular runoff reduces the long-term success rate of femoral angioplasty procedures. The purpose of this experimental study was to examine myointimal hyperplasia of dog femoral arteries after balloon denudation, thermal laser arterial injury, or sham operation in normal and reduced vascular runoff conditions.(More)
To determine safety and efficacy of neodymium:YAG laser irradiation of the endocardium, temperatures at both the epicardium and the endocardium were recorded for thermal damage evaluation. A total of 48 coagulation lesions were created at power settings of 20 and 30 W in 20 open chest dogs by transcatheter endocardial laser irradiation. Tissue temperatures(More)