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Zinc nutriture of women living in a periurban Egyptian village was examined over the last 6 mo of pregnancy and the first 6 mo of lactation as one of several potential determinants of pregnancy outcome and infant development. Estimated bioavailable zinc intake was approximately 2 mg/d from diets high in phytate and fiber. Among numerous variables analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin A deficiency adversely affects child morbidity and survival. This deficiency is estimated by measurement of plasma retinol concentrations, but because plasma retinol is reduced by clinical and subclinical infection, this proxy measure can lead to overestimation. Infection and trauma are accompanied by rises in concentrations of(More)
Possible work decrements caused by respirator usage were examined. A battery of physical, psychomotor and cognitive tasks was used to investigate the effects of respirator wear on 12 subjects. A repeated measures experimental design was used to study the effects of three types of respirators: a disposable dust mask; an air purifying half-mask; and a(More)
What is the statistical relationship between a student's entrance characteristics-SAT scores, high-school rank, and high-school science and math background-and his or her success in the first year of a computer science major? The results of a statistical study indicate that students who persisted in the computer science major, or who switched to engineering(More)
The post-mortem brains of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathy disorders are characterized by the presence of aggregated forms of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein (aSyn). Understanding the molecular mechanism of aSyn aggregation is essential for the development of neuroprotective strategies to treat these diseases. In this(More)
We have investigated whether the complexity of dendritic trees is correlated with the number of primary dendrites per neuron (trees per cell). In estimating the average number of branches of centrifugal orders 1-5 per tree we used statistical methods to compensate for loss of parts of trees during sectioning. Limitations of these methods are discussed.(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the effects of before school physical activity (PA) and sedentary classroom-based (SC) interventions on the symptoms, behavior, moodiness, and peer functioning of young children (M age = 6.83) at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-risk; n = 94) and typically developing children (TD; n = 108).(More)
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are given calcium carbonate to bind dietary phosphorus, reduce phosphorus retention, and prevent negative calcium balance; however, data are limited on calcium and phosphorus balance during CKD to support this. Here, we studied eight patients with stage 3 or 4 CKD (mean estimated glomerular filtration rate 36(More)
INTRODUCTION Reduction of ovarian estrogen secretion at menopause increases net bone resorption and leads to bone loss. Isoflavones have been reported to protect bone from estrogen deficiency, but their modest effects on bone resorption have been difficult to measure with traditional analytical methods. METHODS In this randomized-order, crossover, blinded(More)