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Therapeutic colonoscopy with electrocautery is widely used around the world. Adequate colonic cleansing is considered a crucial factor for the safety of this procedure. Colonic gas explosion, although rare, is one of the most frightening iatrogenic complications during colonoscopy with electrocautery. This complication is the result of an accumulation of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We found that pooled Crohn's disease (CD) sera strongly react with a human gap-junction connexin 37 (Cx37) peptide and tested for anti-Cx37 antibody reactivity in sera from CD patients and controls. We also investigated whether peptide-recognition is due to Cx37/microbial molecular mimicry. METHODS The PSI-BLAST program was used for(More)
AIM We aimed to evaluate patients' survival and complications after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, the quality of information given to the decision-makers (relatives) before the procedure and their overall acceptance of the intervention. METHODS We interviewed the relatives of 35 patients who underwent PEG tube placement in our(More)
Background. Quality monitoring and improvement is prerequisite for efficient colonoscopy. Aim. To assess the effects of increased sedation administration on colonoscopy performance. Materials and Methods. During Era 1 we prospectively measured four colonoscopy quality indicators: sedation administration, colonoscopy completion rate, adenoma detection rate,(More)
BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition with increasing prevalence worldwide. The disease encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms and disorders from simple heartburn without esophagitis to erosive esophagitis with severe complications, such as esophageal strictures and intestinal metaplasia. Diagnosis is based mainly on(More)
BACKGROUND Developmentally early cells are mobilized into peripheral blood in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. OCT4, is considered to be important in sustaining the pluripotency of stem cells. OCT4 splicing variants are differentially expressed in pluripotent and non-pluripotent cells. Our study aims to investigate the expression pattern of OCT4 variants and(More)
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) susceptibility might be influenced by polymorphisms of genes related to inflammation (CD14, macrophage migration inhibitory factor [MIF]), motor (GNB3), and sensory dysfunction (GNB3, TRPV1). We examined the association between CD14 rs2569190, GNB3 rs5443, MIF rs222747, and TRPV1 rs755622 gene polymorphisms with FD (Rome(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is thought to be the commonest cause. Ambulatory pH monitoring and/or endoscopy are usually performed in order to confirm GERD diagnosis. At present, clinical diagnosis of reflux in patients with NCCP is uncertain.The aim of the study was to determine clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Live commensal intestinal bacteria are present in the peripheral blood where they can induce inflammation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the intestinal bacteria composition and translocation of bacteria in IBD. METHODS Both blood and tissue biopsy samples were collected from adult patients with active/inactive Crohn's disease (CD), active/inactive(More)
BACKGROUND Acute administration of the oral 5-HT1A receptor agonist buspirone, which is commonly used as an anxiolytic drug, may improve compromised lower esophageal sphincter function. In an open-label trial we assessed the effects of buspirone on esophageal motor function and symptoms in patients with esophageal involvement associated with systemic(More)